What are the different ways to debunk conspiracy theories?

In this Headline's Learning Zone, we learnt about four actions people use to debunk conspiracy theories.

Can you remember what "debunk" means? It means to prove that something is not true.

Let's remind ourselves about those four actions...

debunking conspiracy theories.JPG

Your challenge is to show the benefits and limitations of each through the comments below.

A benefit is something good whereas a limitation is something that might stop it being effective.

So, for example:

Action 2: Fact-checking websites

Benefit: It provides clear information about what's true and what's not and so people can check a story for themselves, whenever they want to.

Limitation: Their effectiveness relies on people going to the fact-checking websites themselves. There's no guarantee that lots of people will - particularly not those who believe a conspiracy theory.

Can you do show benefits and limitations at least two of the debunking actions? There's certainly lots of benefits and limitations for all of them.


Extra challenge:

Once you have given your benefits and limitations, look at other people's and "reply" with a solution to overcome the limitaiton. For example, a possible solution for the limitation above could be advertising fact-checking websites more commonly.

Comments (92)

  • Ormiston-Bushfield-logo-250x250.jpg easygoing_queen | Ormiston Bushfield Academy B | United Kingdom
    25 Sep 2021

    Action #1 - Moderators
    Benefit: It stops people from spreading or believing misinformation.
    Limitation: Not every piece of false info or conspiracy theorizing is taken down or flagged.
    Action #2 : Fact checking websites
    Benefit: It provides correct information for whose who need it .
    Limitation: Not many people go to fact checking websites and therefore do not know whether what they've been told is right or not.
    Action #3 - News literacy lessons
    Benefit: It teaches children how to spot misinformation .
    Limitation: Not all students listen in class and those who do still may struggle to identify these things .
    Action #4 : Journalists check their articles
    Benefit: It will help to stop spreading facts that aren't true and will help them come off as unbiased .
    Limitation: Not all journalists care whether their information is correct or not and even if they do they still, might be wrong .

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg determined_deer | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    25 Sep 2021

    1- Benefit: conducting enlightening awareness meetings that include presenting facts and exposing conspiracy theories through seminars and sessions called for by competent authorities to expose conspiracy theories.
    2- Restriction: Many people did not attend these seminars and did not commit to attending them.

    Reply to this comment
    1. British Council.jpg diligent_fern | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
      determined_deer's comment 29 Sep 2021

      I agree with you - but add to your comment that posters should be placed about awareness, even if through applications such as WhatsApp, Facebook, Messenger, etc., about not believing news rumors so that people do not fall into the trap because seminars do not reach all people from all countries of the world

      Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg trusting_oboe | Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College | Bangladesh
    25 Sep 2021

    According to me the most effective way to debunk conspiracy theories is to think more logically and getting proper knowledge on a certain topic before believing in any myths. Besides, journalists should be more responsible about making reports. As mentioned above, I also strongly support using fact-checking websites widely and spreading it more to people.

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg smart_glacier | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    26 Sep 2021

    Action 1
    The dissemination of information on social media platforms may be the fastest spread, because their users around the world are a large number, and attention to what is published and followed up is not easy, which may lead to the dissemination of false information quickly. Between languages ​​is a big reason for improper transmission of information
    Action 2
    Adopting information and ensuring its authenticity is necessary. Official agencies must be vetted by the competent authorities to publish the facts. The facts are documented according to a certain sequence that confirms the credibility of the news. This is affiliated with the World Culture Agency, which in turn restricts the activity of rumor mongers by approving or rejecting the information.
    Action 3
    The use of problem-solving theory allows to put forward many ideas and assumptions, but with experience and evidence we can reach the conclusion. Many people need to learn literacy lessons by receiving false news, which makes dissemination of correct information not easy. Therefore, using logic in analysis makes it easier, spreading the culture of research About the correct information according to specific criteria in which the matter is more clear

    Action 4
    It is very easy to promote rumors to gain likes and fame, and that is very easy. By questioning or transmitting false news, many have been able to gain fame and to restrict such matters. Strict laws must be put in place to punish the spreaders of false information, to make the journalist present clear and unbiased reports in order for the press to gain its credibility in proportion to the disclosure of facts and curiosity. Ensuring the integrity of the profession of journalism

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg rhetorical_engineer | Lake Bank Pioneer Preparatory | Tunisia
    26 Sep 2021

    Action 1 :
    Benefits: It makes it really difficult to share conspiracy theories and blocks people who already did send some on social media, which is one of the biggest sources of conspiracy theories.
    Limitations: There is a huge number of social media pages that are spreading these theories and making them viral, so despite all the efforts made to debunk them, a big amount of them will remain out of control. ...

    Action 2
    Benefits : Websites will be more trustworthy and their content will more and more interesting if they make more efforts and only select and only present the information they are sure about.
    Limitations: Every day slightly more than 252,000 new websites are created globally , not all of them can be checked and the internet will remain a treasure for conspirators.

    Action 3 :
    Benefits : Well! I find that this is the most efficient solution , as instead of breaking the "problem source" it stops it from becoming a real problem . Since if people get the ability to make difference between what's fake and what's reliable, this will make conspiracy theories fail and become less poweful.
    Limitations : There are actually no limitations to education , but I do agree that adding a whole new subject to the over-loaded school system is actually a bit hard ... but it's not impossible .

    Action 4 :
    Benefits : Actually journals and TV shows are the principal way adults and old people take information , and they represent an important part of our society so if their presented information is more reliable and correct, this will put them on the right way. They will influence the future generations,and this will have quite big benefits.

    Limitations : It's actually the journalists' job to get "catchy titles" and information and the best way to make more money, and asking them to risk their financial situation by making these sacrifices will not be tolerated by everyone.

    Reply to this comment
    1. British Council.jpg intellectual_glockenspiel | Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College | Bangladesh
      rhetorical_engineer's comment 30 Sep 2021

      Well said and yeah most of your thoughts are right. I will appreciate you specially for the limitations of Action 4. This is a bitter truth that we can't deny. Truly speaking moral education can only work for it.

      Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg lovely_moth | El Rafie A | Egypt
    26 Sep 2021

    I thought that action 3 and 4 are able to prevent Conspiracy theory: Because journalists can prevent these rumors to not spread and The teachers are the great head that advises pupils in their seasons not to publish these rumors.

    Reply to this comment
    1. British Council.jpg active_fact | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
      lovely_moth's comment 29 Sep 2021

      There are factors that were put in place to thwart Conspiracy theories, first identifying the number of those involved, second the duration of the conspiracy, and third exposing and exposing the conspiracy.

      Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg best_blueberry | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    26 Sep 2021

    We are now aware of the four measures that contributed to exposing this conspiracy, or in other words, exposing their lies
    These four procedures were of great importance and benefit that some were able to reach from these procedures. Their words were true, as they did not conduct these research and procedures in vain.
    There were also many who doubted the process of landing to the moon, there are people who stated that this conspiracy was fabricated by people 100%, although nothing of those who talked about it and that they landed the moon was true, but they added to that that man could not Reaching the surface of the moon was the cause of this conspiracy, encouraged and greed by the people of stature and high places, which is to make the American man a fool and to make him believe in this false conspiracy, but there is a person who said that he had documents proving the extent of their lies and that he was officially registered, but at that time a false video was released which The cause of the uproar, which is our subject of the fake moon landing was in 1969 and it was one of the most proven and true evidence for this fake topic called the moon landing “First of all, the shadows on the moon, although these pictures can only be taken by electric light and studio.” It is not possible to intersect two shadows under the presence of sunlight, and he also emphasized that such a picture can only be taken with an electric light inside a studio.
    Also, this person had his home robbed and he was not missing from his home except for these documents that confirmed the extent of their lies
    I think that no more evidence can be mentioned than this, because then they cannot be believed in anything. I advise these people not to manipulate people's minds and make them believe something unbelievable and to be more realistic than that, because no sane person can believe something like this I advise you in the future To be able to communicate some of the things that can be believed and acted upon to your children

    Reply to this comment
    1. tom Tom @ Topical Talk
      best_blueberry's comment 27 Sep 2021

      Can you summarise this point in one sentence, best_blueberry?

      Reply to this comment
      1. British Council.jpg best_blueberry | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Tom @ Topical Talk's comment 28 Sep 2021

        Not everything that is said is true, and not everything that is true is said

        Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg remarkable_cranberry | Mymensingh Girls Cadet College | Bangladesh
    26 Sep 2021

    Action 3: Teaching news literacy
    Benefits: Whatever is taught to the young children, they absorb that quickly and it stays in their mind forever. So if they are taught to spot fake news and misinformation in their educational institutions or different seminars, they will be able to debunk the conspiracy theory.
    Limitations: If the parents and other family members of the children believe in those conspiracy theories, they will not let their children to know the truth. Thus their children will have confusion and negative impact in their young mind.

    Action 4: Reports of journalists
    Benefits: We can't get to know all the news of the world by ourselves which makes us rely on the reports of the journalists. So if they broadcast the real stories, many people may unmask the conspiracy theories.

    Limitations: Sometimes to make themselves viral and to increase the popularity of their channel, journalists make fake and unbiased reports. Again due to shortage of time, orders from higher authorities, bribe and other cases increases the chance of reporting the misinformation which may increase conspiracy theories in spite of decreasing them.

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg loved_vegetable | El Rafie A | Egypt
    26 Sep 2021

    Action4:Journalist
    Benifit:When journalists check their reports,it reduces the rumor among people,especially in cities and villages where people don't know how to read and write,because they rely more on telvision and journalism than on social-media
    Limitation:They may check reports but it doesn't guarantee that it is true not a conspiracy theory.

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg compassionate_explanation | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    26 Sep 2021

    The answers in the comments below I wrote based on my opinion

    First Action (Social Media Specialist)
    Benefits: It makes people not believe everything that is not true from the conspiracies and rumors that you read and thus this helps to increase the participation of people and society to expose the largest number of conferences when reported.
    Limitations: This action depends on the audacity of people to report whether it is a conspiracy or a rumor. Certainly not all people have this audacity, and if he is interested in this at all, not like those who support conspiracy theories.

    The second procedure
    Benefit: It expands the scope of people's knowledge of correct information and this helps people to discover facts and differentiate between truth and rumour.
    Restrictions: As you said earlier, there is no guarantee that all people will go to open these sites and extract information

    The third procedure
    Benefit: Increasing the awareness of the new generation to become a conscious, civilized generation capable of exposing conspiracies using clear and consistent evidence and distinctive methods.
    Restrictions: Students may learn it in schools and do not apply it in their daily life, but rather read it for the exam and do not care if it can be used in their daily life (and this phenomenon is very widespread and I noticed it from my community and my school environment)

    Fourth procedure
    Benefit: Providing the right information to people, this builds a circle of trust between the journalist and the people, subverts and exposes conspiracies by educating the people who read newspapers and watch the news, it builds for people the body of valid information and evidence that they can. used to expose these plots.
    When a journalist writes a correct article about the event, people read it and have clear information about the event, and this helps in forming people who are able to debunk these conspiracies and theories related to this topic on which the journalist wrote.
    Restrictions: Not all people watch the news or read newspapers, especially children and young people are not interested in these articles

    Thus you see that each action has advantages and limitations, so the appropriate action must be chosen for each society to deter and expose fragile conspiracies.م

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg active_fact | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    27 Sep 2021

    From the first day of the emergence of the theory of evolution into the light, the theory has not been spared in being the focus of many arguments and the target of many criticisms and sometimes denunciations. It not only included skepticism about the theory, its outputs, and its main categories, but extended to include the philosophy on which the theory is initially based, and the methods of inference on which it is based, the scientific implications that its promoters allegedly entailed.

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg excellent_snow | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    27 Sep 2021

    I suggest we work on magazines where we write about conspiracies and rumours

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg aware_forest | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    27 Sep 2021

    Conspiracy theories appoint that some people,institutions or even definite societies sign their opponents in the time of crisis to gain, as I think, a certain positionir to prove themselves and their points of views then declare their intentions towards the ideas they adopt by highlighting it and clarifying it's hidden, dark intentions to others .It must be noted that it is tainted by false and false impurities and this should be clarified to the certain people , by defamation of their bad ideas through platforms, websites which will spread quickly through spreading the wrong information which is shared and I think the gueantee is the fact checking websites.Moreover, we can debunk their criminal theories through News_literacy lessons which should be taught at schools and this can in fact help people learn how to spot fake news and misinformation, in addition to the other ways of debunking such theories as journalist writings and social media platforms such as facebook, twitter and other ways, all of them can participate to a great extent.

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg aware_painting | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    27 Sep 2021

    Journalists should make sure their reports are thoroughly checked so that they are truthful and unbiased

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg comfortable_bee | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    27 Sep 2021

    "Fake news" is not only a product of the user's psychology, but also a product of social networks. The combination of individual opinion and society is dangerous. An American study says, "Fake news often contains emotional language, and often contains very exciting language." Sometimes misinformation is so ridiculous and "funny" that it may be shared by people who themselves do not believe it and do not fully believe in itTo expose this conspiracy, the best means must be found, such as publishing and advertising on the Internet, or establishing deterrent laws, such as imposing a $50 tax on every person who circulates lies.

    Reply to this comment
    1. British Council.jpg active_fact | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
      comfortable_bee's comment 29 Sep 2021

      The number of conspiracy theories increase and the number of people Who believe them increase,and from there it is difficult to maintain conspiracy for along time because the participation of number of people in particular secret will eventually reach the disclosure of the secret and the conspiracy.

      Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg comfortable_bee | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    27 Sep 2021

    The idea is to find a deterrent solution that is to impose a tax and a financial penalty on those who promote false conspiracies and incorrect news, which makes everyone afraid to repeat the act, such as those who claim false news. Schools or official civil and educational institutions. A worker or student is separated for hours from his work or from his duties...or in another way, a law that includes those who promote and believe in these rumors will be deducted from his income, so this part goes to the state budget to exploit something else in education, contrary to what has been spread Thus, the action can be improved for the benefit of the beneficiary or Imposition of a monetary penalty for Every sane adult must speak uncertainly ..

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    27 Sep 2021

    We protect ourselves from believing fake news and manipulating propaganda because of the illusory effect of truth? The best way is to be more selective. The information we consume is like the food we eat. If it is undesirable, our thinking will reflect it.

    We don't need to spend as much time reading the news as most of us do. As with many other things in life, more can be less. The vast majority of the news we read is just information pollution. It does us no good.

    One of the best solutions is to leave the news. This saves time and energy to engage with the timeless wisdom that will improve your life. Try it for two weeks. And if you're not convinced, read a couple of newspapers for a few days back in 1978. You'll see how important the news is at all.

    If you can't quit the news habit, stick to reliable, well-known news sources that have a good reputation. Stay away from questionable sources whenever you can - even if you treat it as entertainment, you may end up internalizing it.

    Look for unfamiliar sources before trusting them. Be wary of sites that are funded entirely through ads (or that pay their based on views) and support reader-funded news sources that get value from them if possible.

    Prioritize sites that treat their women well and don't expect to write dozens of thoughtless articles a day. Don't rely on news in social media posts without sources, from people outside their jurisdiction.

    Avoiding treating the news as passively consuming entertainment on the bus or while waiting in line. Keep this in mind - if you want to familiarize yourself with a topic, take the time to learn about it from multiple trustworthy sources.

    Don't assume that breaking news is better, it may take a while for the full details of the story to emerge and people may be quick to fill in the gaps with misinformation. Accept that not everything can be told and that most of it is not important.

    Pay attention to times when the news makes you feel angry or other strong emotions, as this could be a sign of manipulation. Know that correcting misinformation can further fuel the illusory effect by adding repetition.

    We cannot stop the effect of illusory truth from being. But we can recognize that it is a fact and seek to prevent ourselves from giving in to it in the first place.

    Reply to this comment
    1. tom Tom @ Topical Talk
      appreciative_pear's comment 28 Sep 2021

      A strong set of ideas, appreciative_pear. Can you tell us which you think is most, and least, effective?

      Reply to this comment
      1. British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Tom @ Topical Talk's comment 28 Sep 2021

        It is most effective to stick to reliable, well-known and reputable news sources and less effective to read two newspapers for a few days

        Reply to this comment
    2. British Council.jpg healthy_antelope | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
      appreciative_pear's comment 29 Sep 2021

      You said that letting go of the news saves time and energy, but wouldn't this person gain ignorance of what is happening in the world around him?
      Also, if we rely on reliable sources, aren't most of them found in cell phones and not everyone owns cell phones, and sitting on cell phones for the elderly is not good, as it will affect their eyesight negatively,Which will make them leave reading the news, which will result in their ignorance of their surroundings and the outside world, and this is a danger to society. If we face epidemics or important environmental issues such as climate change, it will be difficult to deliver news to them , and educate them about this issue , so can you think of possible alternative ways for the media on the phone, and we can be confident that no one will interfere and fake the news?

      Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg blissful_flight | Mirzapur Cadet College | Bangladesh
    28 Sep 2021

    Action#1:social media platforms
    Benefit:Social media platforms will delete the post of the people who share conspiracy theories,suspended account or flag means information.
    Limitation:but people who share conspiracy theories can create another new account after every time their accounts get suspended, to spread conspiracy theories.
    Action#2:Fact checking websites
    Benefit: Fact checking websites report the information whether it's wrong or right to its users
    Limitation: but it is not certain that people will check them because most of the people in the world want to believe in an alternate explanation like conspiracy theories for a big or hard event.
    Action#3:News literacy lessons
    Benefit: Teaching news literacy lessons in all schools to help people learn how to spot fake news.
    Limitation: But large number of conspiracy theories can make students confused. As a result,they might believe in conspiracy theories despite of learning how to spot them.
    Action#4:Journalist
    Benefit: By making sure the reports of journalist are thoroughly checked they can make sure that they are truthful and unbiased.
    Limitation: but if the journalist is a bad person who spread conspiracy theories then the whole action will fail.

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg hopeful_moon | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    28 Sep 2021

    Action 3: - News literacy
    benefits.
    Everything that is taught to people and children in order to achieve development and progress in their practical and scientific lives, they will be able to distinguish conspiracy and discover what is going on around them.

    Restrictions: If the students are taught and it is neglected by the parents, it will be an obstacle and will negatively affect them because it will push them to the station of ignorance and lethargy.

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg humble_piano | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    28 Sep 2021

    Action 1
    Social-media platforms

    Benefits: what is really amazing about social media is that you can see and hear about everything. If something happened you will find all people talking about it in social media and then you will gather a great amount of information and you will be acquainted with a variety of perspectives.

    Limitations:
    People in social media talk their own words and that's why you will never know or it is hard to know what is wrong and what is right. People with nicknames can easily manipulate the truth. In this case, social media will add conspiracy to conspiracy.


    Actions 2:
    Fact checking websites:

    Benefits:
    It is amazing when I can check the information I read. By using fact checking websites I can know what is right and what is a lie.

    Limitations:
    Those who create conspiracy might do it by creating websites. What if the fact checking website I am using to check information is used to promote conspiracy theories through manipulation. This will make me believe the conspiracy itself.

    Action 3:
    Journalists.

    Benefits: allow me here to thank all of the trust-worthy journalists around the world. Those journalists who check every word before spreading it. The benefit here is that a trusted journalist will be honest, creative, curious, and courageous to spread the truth and only the truth.

    Limitations:

    Some journalists who check their information before spreading them use untrusted websites. Other journalists only care about attention and views. Others are easily manipulated. A report that seems unbiased and truthful might be a mere deception if the journalist did not use the suitable resources.


    Action 4:
    News literacy
    benefits.
    I believe that people around the world need to be taught everything about conspiracy theories and how to spot misinformation. This will add more awareness to people's lives. Children are the hope of the future, and if they are raised to think creatively and critically the world will be a better place, a place free of lies and deception.

    Limitations: it is not enough to teach children steps to spot fake news If parents don't care about adding extra efforts at home to make their children aware of what is happening around them. Parents have the greatest impact on their children and school will never be enough without the help of parents.

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  • British Council.jpg excellent_snow | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    28 Sep 2021

    The first measure is not to spread false rumors and plots The second measure is the benefit that we benefit from in education, taking information from it, and teaching children The third measure is to adhere to the journalists' lack of interest in their information, and this is a dangerous thing

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      1. katie.jpg Katie @ Topical Talk
        humble_piano's comment 06 Oct 2021

        Can you say why, humble_piano?

        Reply to this comment
  • Ormiston-Bushfield-logo-250x250.jpg industrious_hen | Ormiston Bushfield Academy B | United Kingdom
    28 Sep 2021

    With action 4,I d say that journalists can indeed fact check all their work to make sure that none of it is incorrect,but they may believe in a conspiracy and/or be biased. Also,fact checking will only work to a certain extent and may not be 100% accurate,due to false news on websites and other such things. journalists can pick and chose what to put into an article, witch is why you cant always trust news articles.

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  • British Council.jpg balanced_situation | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    28 Sep 2021

    Stopping the spread of conspiracy theories is challenging. There is no one-size-fits-all approach. It depends on the level of exposure. People who firmly believe in conspiracy theories are extremely difficult to reach

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  • British Council.jpg majestic_moon | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    28 Sep 2021

    There are several ways in which we can debunk conspiracy theories. First, we must educate children, because when they know the lies of conspiracy theories, they will not believe them and will launch campaigns against them, thus eliminating the conspiracy theory. Society is lies by conspiracy theories. Second, we can use social media such as Twitter and Instagram. We can publish evidence that conspiracy theories are false, which leads to their being exposed. Third, through celebrities, for example, K-pop are the ones who have great followers and love among people, so people can listen to them, for example Korean groups like BTS who have fans from all over the world can help debunk conspiracy theories

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ Topical Talk
      majestic_moon's comment 29 Sep 2021

      A very interesting comment, majestic_moon. Do you think celebrities like BTS have a responsibility to help debunk conspiracy theories?

      Reply to this comment
      1. British Council.jpg composed_radio | Sylhet Cadet College | Bangladesh
        Katie @ Topical Talk's comment 30 Sep 2021

        Dear Katie, I really appreciate your concern in engaging such a celebrity group like BTS in debunking conspiracy theories. But my dear, if my own origin is on the verge of controversies then how will I be able to halt another complication. I am not showing any kind of disrespect towards such a talented band like BTS but still almost everyone of us know that what's the current standpoint of BTS. Though they might create a difference but we also need to have the focus on what consequences might arise if their well posture goes in a wrong direction in a mass group. To cause a disease in names of experimenting prevention if we spread a pandemic then surely the media world will definitely go profane. But at the same time such an overture from your side is always praiseworthy. As I am a young learner and a future asset for this world it's my sole duty to show concerns regarding justified information and make a pause in the false theories that are being arisen by some groups in trying to achieve their own interests.

        Reply to this comment
        1. tom Tom @ Topical Talk
          composed_radio's comment 30 Sep 2021

          Can you tell us what you mean by "the current standpoint of BTS", composed_radio?

          Reply to this comment
          1. British Council.jpg composed_radio | Sylhet Cadet College | Bangladesh
            Tom @ Topical Talk's comment 03 Oct 2021

            Thanks Tom for your concern regarding my comment. Well the term 'Current standpoint of BTS' refers the present conditions of the fan bases of BTS and also some grudges in regards of the toxicity spread by those fans. BTS has now become an international band where they are having millions of followers. But their hits to their fans maintaining a peaceful environment isn't quite praiseworthy. Some time ago, just for not getting the chance to attend a 'ZOOM conference' with the BTS band members, many fans committed suicide . When this band isn't able to have a swift control over it's followers how can it make a change to debunk the conspiracy theories? Hope that my views will be able to clear your queries dear Tom.

            Reply to this comment
            1. tom Tom @ Topical Talk
              composed_radio's comment 04 Oct 2021

              Thank you for the clarification, composed_radio. This is very sad to hear about.

              Reply to this comment
        2. tom Tom @ Topical Talk
          composed_radio's comment 30 Sep 2021

          Can you tell us what you mean by "the current standpoint of BTS", composed_radio?

          Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg funny_recipe | Sylhet Cadet College | Bangladesh
    29 Sep 2021

    Well on my opinion, the first step to prevent conspiracy theories is to know that they exist. So we must need to check the sources while observing the news. But here the limitation is sometimes we cannot find the right and verified sources for lots of fake news. That's why we must not spread any kinds of news through social medias and stuffs before knowing its verified source.

    Another thing is if we see any news that seems suspicious to us if that is on any websites and blogs we must contact the author or the web manager with verified information and ask them to make corrections. And if that is on any media outlets then we must contact the editorial board and contact the local or national press council or press ombudsperson. But if the people concerned are not honest and have damn care attitude then it may not help in debunking conspiracy theories. We must rely on verified informations and counter false information to stop the spread of the conspiracy theories.

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  • British Council.jpg kind_mood | Sylhet Cadet College | Bangladesh
    29 Sep 2021

    Action 1
    Benefits: Yes as the social media are taking off the misinformation its stopping the world community from believing something not true .and there are also young users so it may easily affect their mind .so definitely its a benefit .
    limitation: Again social medias are sometimes stopping people from saying there opinion because of there some of there polices.as a result one particular group gets the priority.so its a limitation

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  • British Council.jpg poetic_coconut | Sylhet Cadet College | Bangladesh
    29 Sep 2021

    Social media misinformation filter prevents people from being misleaded or being manipulated by political or economic reasons through conspiracy theories.
    It sometimes violate the basic human right to speak or to express opinion from the perspective of minorities such as U.S.A police played copyright music intentionally to take down the videos on social media where they were recorded harassing people misusing the algorithm of filter ….

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  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Sep 2021

    There are ways to deal with conspiracy theories. First, it must be accepted that conspiracy theories will always exist, so it is important to keep an eye on the private information space. There is no doubt that removing these theories from the media will not solve the problem, but will only push them underground and make them more difficult to monitor. Of course, the danger is that continuing to host them on our platforms amplifies the extremist message, and thus achieves what conspiracy theorists want. However, I am not convinced that the vast majority of the public will not be drawn into conspiracy theories.

    Second, building trust within our mainstream media. While it is not perfect, we cannot be allowed to reinforce the idea that the media is hostile to the population. These perceptions can lead individuals to seek information from notorious sources, and even from extremists. This is a two-way street, however. While we need to be confident in challenging conspiracy theories that portray the media as an entity serving a small clique that is hostile to most people, the media themselves should be more responsible to avoid giving credence to this idea.

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ Topical Talk
      appreciative_pear's comment 29 Sep 2021

      This is incredibly balanced and looks at the problem from multiple-angles. Well done appreciative_pear! I have awarded you with a star.

      Reply to this comment
    2. katie.jpg Katie @ Topical Talk
      appreciative_pear's comment 29 Sep 2021

      This is incredibly balanced and looks at the problem from multiple-angles. Well done appreciative_pear! I have awarded you with a star.

      Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg best_blueberry | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Sep 2021

    How do you deal with conspiracy theory?
    First: We must be well and accurately aware of the matters related to the conspiracy.
    Second: To be able to manage personal dialogues in private with other people to prove to them the extent of sincerity in exposing this conspiracy and to be able to communicate ideas to other people, a reason for the success of detecting and dealing with this conspiracy
    Third: We must deal with taking the opinions of others and not rejecting their ideas so that their reception and dealing with this conspiracy is easy and it is better than rejecting and condoning their opinions. with her
    Fourth: Sometimes the individual needs to ask for help. It is very right. For example, if a member of the state is threatened by these "conspiracy owners", they must contact the local advisory centers and that this center is specialized in this matter.

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  • British Council.jpg balanced_situation | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Sep 2021

    Focus on the facts you want to communicate, not the myth you want to debunk.
    Choose your target – the author, source or logic behind the conspiracy theory.
    Always state clearly that the information is wrong, before quoting a conspiracy theory.
    Provide a fact-based alternative explanation.
    If possible, use visual aids to back your argument.
    DON'Ts

    Don't focus on the conspiracy theory first. Don't reinforce it.
    Don't overwhelm with information.

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ Topical Talk
      balanced_situation's comment 29 Sep 2021

      This advice is very clear and very well thought-through! Well done, balanced_situation, I have awarded you with a star!

      Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg comfortable_bee | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Sep 2021

    The right thing is to choose groups on Internet sites such as Facebook, because it is the most popular because people use it a lot.. The goal of the group is to choose honest people who spread honest news and interesting stories.

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  • British Council.jpg insightful_starfish | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Sep 2021

    Fighting conspiracy theories is a real challenge, but it can be achievalble by the effective use of social media. First, social media companies and public agencies who actively seek help from credible influencers, who don’t have large followings, can disseminate debunking information. Second, if we improve public awareness through deliberation, it will creat golden opportunities for conversations between people.Third, choosing effective message senders and sources can correct misinformation.

    On the other hand, social media is largely unregulated, so it can easily become a place where misinformation can spread.  This may cause a real social conflict. However, it can be overcomed by following these limitations:

    1. It is important to check the validity of what you read on any media source. Ask yourself, where has the content come from, who has shared it.

    2. If it is on a website, look at the site mission and contact information to check if it is legitimate.

    3. If you are still unsure, ask the experts. 

    4. Use reliable sources like books and journals.

    To conclude, it is recommended to follow the previous recommendation for a healthy social media that would positively impact peoples' lifes and practices.

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  • British Council.jpg bright_conversation | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Sep 2021

    the exponents of conspiracy theories often use the same rhetorical devices, and a familiarity with these arguments will help you to politely articulate the faulty reasoning behind many different forms of misinformations.
    So the best way to avoid conspiary theories is to tske news from a reliable resourses.

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  • British Council.jpg loyal_truth | Rajshahi Cadet College | Bangladesh
    30 Sep 2021

    action 1:
    benefit: it will help preventing the spreading of fake news
    limitation: it's not possible to take down/ ban/ remove all fake information on internet

    action-2:
    benefit: it will aware people.
    limitation: the number of fact checking are too less

    action 3:
    benefit: students will be able to learn how to spot fake information, news
    limitation: during this era of internet it's not always possible to check some controversial news whether it is fake or true.

    action 4:
    benefit: people would be able to be aware of true news, information since they ready newspaper watch tv everyday
    limitation: not all journalists are honest and they spread fake news intentionally for their personal marketing

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  • British Council.jpg daring_avocado | Rajshahi Cadet College | Bangladesh
    30 Sep 2021

    Action 1 : Social media platforms
    Benefits : Those who spread or promote conspiracy theories can be aware in the future.
    Limitations : In social media a person cannot be identified easily and so in spite of banning their posts or accounts they can continue to spread conspiracy theories.

    Action 2 : Fact-checking websites
    Benefits : Facts can be evaluated and false facts can be removed.
    Limitations : The controller of the website can also make a conspiracy theory strong and remove the true facts.

    Action 3 : News-literacy lessons
    Benefits : All can be aware of conspiracy theories and can evaluate a news.
    Limitations : One can also use these lessons to effectively establish conspiracy theories.

    Action 4 : Role of journalists
    Benefits : Spread of conspiracy theories can be minimized or stopped.
    Limitations : Journalists can use this opportunity for self interest and may spread conspiracy theories. Besides political oppression may also befall them in order to spread conspiracy theories.

    So I think that in all cases honesty and accountability is a must to prevent conspiracy theories. The media and government must be aware of this.

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  • British Council.jpg comfortable_bee | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    30 Sep 2021

    I will say from the last.. that the moon has many stories also for aliens, evidence and many wonderful scenes. It is not believed that it is a lie because the astronauts have a brave heart

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  • British Council.jpg decisive_agency | Mymensingh Girls Cadet College | Bangladesh
    30 Sep 2021

    Learn to accept the fact that conspiracy theory will always exist. No matter what you do, you can't mitigate conspiracy theory at a time. Before saying conspiracy theory we should aware people about the wrong information. We ourselves have role to minimize this conspiracy theory.



    The media has a great role to play in this aspect. They need to find the source the author and state an alternative fact in order to change this conspiracy theory.

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  • British Council.jpg ethical_moth | Mymensingh Girls Cadet College | Bangladesh
    30 Sep 2021

    I think that we can do to debunk the conspiracy theories is that we can refrain ourselves at first from accepting any false theory . We are the main reason why the conspiracy theories get more propagation and validation because we sometimes believe the society blindly . So we have to save ourselves form the clutches of superstitons . Again only making ourselves careful will not help also. We need to give attention to our family and our dear ones because unity is strength . If our friends and family are united , then we can easily stand against the false conspiracy theories. We have to take careful steps with our proper planning and evaluating strategy. If we all become united and stand together against this spreading evil, then we will surely be able to make a society without the endless barriers created by the false conspiracy theories

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  • British Council.jpg affectionate_hippopotamus | Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College | Bangladesh
    30 Sep 2021

    action #1-facebook has moderators who can take down the misinformations. this is indeed very good step against conspiracy theories.
    Limitations:Facebook has total 2.85 billion users approximately.Anybody can share any misinformation without any accountability.only 15000 moderators for a huge number of users worldwide is not enough at all.

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  • British Council.jpg spectacular_reality | Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College | Bangladesh
    30 Sep 2021

    Action 1: Moderators
    Benefits: Awareness is being increased due to this step and the conspiracy theorists are discouraged.
    Limitations: Deactivating their account or flagging them in social media won't stop them from spreading such rumours and thus they might increase spreading them at a more critical rate, maybe not in social media but in practical life.
    Action 2: Fact checking websites
    Benefits: They prevent from spreading wrong information as well as inform them of the deceit.
    Limitations: The people might not understand the necessity of checking the websites before blindly beliving the theories.
    Action 3: News literacy lessons
    Benefits: The students become well aware and educated about news literacy and so they can detect misinformations quite easily. This actually makes them independent enough to detect the errors in an information as well as the conscience to verify the informations.
    Limitations: The news literacy mainly depends on the understanding level of students and teaching ability of the teachers. The students might not pay attention to the lessons or the teacher might not have the amount of patience to make the students understand accurately which results back to square one. Even so, some schools might not even think it necessary enough to have this kind of education which also results to the increasing believers of conspiracy theories.
    Action 4: Journalists
    Benefits: Today we blindly believe in newspapers or other informations just because we think they are well reputed and all. We do so because of the honest journalists we have who never hamper with informations. In this way, both the journalists and we are able to enrich ourselves with new and valid informations as well as preserving the honesty of humanity.
    Limitations: Not all journalists are this honest and hard working in their work. Moreover, they tend to make up stories or conspiracy theories themselves for raising their fame or due to lack of actual news. Their stubornness for ranking up in newspaper business leads them to this type of dishonesty.

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  • British Council.jpg spectacular_reality | Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College | Bangladesh
    30 Sep 2021

    There are thousands of dos and donts when we are talking about conspiracy theorists. This means that either way this problem is never stopping. Thus, as much as we want to stop it, we must take more preventives to at least decrease it as much as we can. Precautions must be taken more seriously in this case. We should have the minimum conscience in ourselves to detect the purity of any information. We should muster the courage in ourselves to stand up against these theories with our own logics and explanations. Since we cannot stop them, we'll need to stop ourselves from beliving such blasphemy. If possible, we might even manipulate them into beliving to our facts if the logics are strong enough. Either way, we are to gear ourselves to debunk them in every way possible.

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  • British Council.jpg helpful_library | Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College | Bangladesh
    30 Sep 2021

    I think from the very beginning people should be aware of their surroundings. Its very easy to spread rumor for a genuine and burning topic as people tend to believe things without giving much thought. Through observation and their own notion , they should differentiate the truth and false by themselve.

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  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    30 Sep 2021

    1. Good knowledge of things, ways to deal with conspiracy theories

    Before entering into conversations, you should look at things as best you can. People who are familiar with the workings of conspiracy theories are also better protected from them.
    You can find more information about conspiracy theories, for example, on the websites of the Federal Center for Political Education, the European Commission and the Baden-Württemberg State Center for Political Education.

    2. Speaking instead of writing

    Managing personal dialogues in private with the other party is a key factor in their success. You should, as much as possible, avoid direct confrontations, especially at the beginning of the conversation, because they may lead to a hardening of positions and each side sticking to its opinion. It is best to listen calmly to the statements and allegations of the other party first.

    3. Ask questions and make presentations

    Refuting the claims of others and rejecting their ideas as absurd or mere nonsense does not contribute to the success of the dialogue. Even logic and facts are useless with conspiracy theories in most cases. Candid questions about conspiracy theories are often the best way to motivate the other party to reconsider.

    Then, instead, for example, you should suggest readings, podcasts, or films on the topic in question, allowing the other party to go into the topic again, slowly and in private. This may allow the person concerned to question conspiracy theories and find a way out of the thought associated with them. You can then take the opportunity to invite the person to the discussion again.

    4. Ask for help

    In some individual cases, it may be right to ask for help, for example if the other party is harming themselves or directly threatening others. In this case, you should contact the local counseling centres. In some states there are specialized advisory centers in this regard, for example in the states of Baden-Württemberg, North Rhine-Westphalia or Berlin.

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  • British Council.jpg curious_owl | Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College | Bangladesh
    30 Sep 2021

    "Snake venom can be dangerous for your circulatory system, nervous system or muscular system." Now tell me- will you take the "snake venom" after knowing this? I think your answer is "NO." All of us know the consequences of conspiracy theories. So, why will we need to have that headache as their is a chance of falling in a harsh consequence? According to my opinion, trusting any sort of website, group or page without proper evidence and logic is really miserable. You may read the news as you have interest in that but you don't need to spend 24 hours just to find out the solidity or reliability. I don't think only educating children can prevent this problem from having belief on those news. Rather, the practical knowledge can eradicate the troubles. You should feel interest about own works related with social networking system. You don't need to be so cautious about the myths and false evidences of conspiracy theories. Surely, you will not jump into the water where crocodile lives in. So, don't get closer to the unnecessary subjects. Do your individual works and express your opinion in a solid way. Don't get bothered or disturbed to see the misinformation. Rather, focus on the legitimacy of the news and watch the news what can entertain you but not bother you.

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  • British Council.jpg aware_forest | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    30 Sep 2021

    Despite refutation and evidence made from third parties, the owners of conspiracy theories have maintained public interest in their colors for more than 40 years. Opinion polls in different places showed that between 6-20% of Americans, 25% of Britons and 28% of the Russians included in the polls believe that landing operations were false. Even in 2001, a documentary was called Fox TV and its address: plot theory: Have we landed on the moon? (1) NASA has been the first decline in 1969 to win the space race.

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  • British Council.jpg faithful_aspect | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    30 Sep 2021

    Confronting disinformation must include providing new information and evidence without merely stigmatizing the first information with "incorrectness"; people are less likely to accept correction messages if they are done by placing an "incorrect" banner on that information without facing it with new evidence."

    It is useful for the public to be part of the process of generating anti-misleading arguments, and educational institutions must also promote a state of "healthy skepticism," while the media - as well as decision makers - encourage the public to engage in a "idealized engagement," such as writing feedback, asking questions and managing conversations.

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  • British Council.jpg free_atom | Rafah Prep Girls B | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 Oct 2021

    It would suggest on television channels for children and adults to work on the establishment of a special ring to expose the theories of plots and to demonstrate the Zeva, and ask for several questions and discuss them, the view of what is happening to the plots of society? What was the impact of society in the present and future? Where will the children will help in mind and put them to greater than those who mean the audiences of the potential because the curiosity of children's habits and these helps not to ratify them for all what they see in society and will also make them a mixture and intelligent generation and in-depth thinking, uncontrolled or judgment only after what is thinking about this child is not only, but the adult and the subject of social disputes through social networks and the signs and the brochures in the streets and government institutions and everywhere where people are

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  • British Council.jpg free_atom | Rafah Prep Girls B | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 Oct 2021

    Your idea is unprecedented, you are really wonderful, you'll have a king of thinking 👑👑👌💖

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg free_atom | Rafah Prep Girls B | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 Oct 2021

    You are wonderful without doubt, but are there a secret to your wonderful thinking, because you are a genius thinking 😊

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  • British Council.jpg comfortable_bee | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 Oct 2021

    {The role of women in politics }
    At the global and local level, women have limited opportunities to lead and participate in the political process, as they are constrained in their roles as voters or officials; Whether in polling stations, the civil service, the private sector, and academia. This happens despite their proving their abilities as leaders and pioneers in the process of change, in addition to their right to participate in the democratic process on an equal basis with men. However, women face many obstacles that prevent their participation in politics; Structural barriers imposed through discriminatory institutions and laws still limit women's options to run for office.

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    1. katie.jpg Katie @ Topical Talk
      comfortable_bee's comment 01 Oct 2021

      How might this help to debunk conspiracy theories, comfortable_bee?

      Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg free_atom | Rafah Prep Girls B | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 Oct 2021

    Of course, because people often believe celebrities, celebrities when they expose them to the plot to be published in all social networking sites

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  • British Council.jpg free_atom | Rafah Prep Girls B | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 Oct 2021

    Is there a difference between rumors and plots ??

    Reply to this comment
    1. British Council.jpg comfortable_bee | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
      free_atom's comment 01 Oct 2021

      Certainly! Because rumors areAs for conspiracies, they plot something...

      Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg comfortable_bee | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 Oct 2021

    Certainly! Because rumors are people sending false things, why should they be arrested..As for conspiracies, they plot something...

    Reply to this comment
  • British Council.jpg comfortable_bee | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 Oct 2021

    Sorry, the keyboard is sending wrong things.. The sentence of how they are arrested is wrong.. I can't fix it

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  • British Council.jpg phenomenal_orange | Rajshahi Cadet College | Bangladesh
    04 Oct 2021

    Conspiracy theories are built on the notion that a powerful group is acting in secret, thus building on (and potentially also creating) suspicion toward the powerful such as the government.
    Being confronted with conspiracy theories, in addition, reduces the willingness to engage in joint societal efforts: For instance, being confronted with an anti-vaccine conspiracy theory decreased vaccination intentions, and being confronted with a conspiracy theory about global warming reduced pro-environmental behavior.
    There is no ONE-SIZE-FITS-ALL approach. It depends on the level of exposure. Peoples who firmly believe in conspiracy theories are extremely difficult to reach. So stopping the conspiracy theories is extremely challenging. But, it’s not totally impossible debunking those.
    1. Key to stopping the spread of conspiracy theories is educating people to be on the lookout for misleading information – and teaching them to be suspicious of certain sources. But there is no hard and fast rule as to how best to identify or react to potentially damaging and misleading information. It can be particularly difficult when the theories are being sent from friends and family
    2. To stand against any conspiracy theory in the social media we can comment with verified information (e.g. seek acquaintance from the fact checking websites)
    3. In this pandemic situation the conspiracy theories ignore any kind of scientific explanations and falsely blame any particular group that are not responsible for the pandemic. At this stage we need to put a red flag on this type of theories and focus on the facts we want to communicate, not the myths we want to debunk.
    To come to a closure, the present experimentations advances our intellect about conspiracy theories, by demonstrating that the confrontation with and the belief in conspiracy theories are associated with less institutional trust and lower support for and adoption of regulations put forward by these institutions. This advances research on conspiracy beliefs by showing parallel effects for confrontation with and believing in conspiracies. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the current findings imply that the spread of a political COVID-19 conspiracy undermines the attitudes and behaviors related to a successful mitigation of the spread of COVID-19.

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  • British Council.jpg splendid_fruit | Jabalia Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    05 Oct 2021

    There are ways to deal with conspiracy theories, first: Our goal should be to get rid of this theory and punish those who spread it because of its negative consequences on society and on the individual such as (spreading hatred among people and also this theory can cause wars between countries, which destroys a lot on the economic side). Human...)And also from the negative consequences on the individual that make the individual depressed, as his health condition worsens, and this is true because it happened in our reality. Second: increasing awareness and the culture of society through social media, which contributed to solving many problems, and making videos on YouTube explaining the danger of false conspiracies on society through Acting plays and storiesWe also conduct voluntary campaigns. We offer gifts to those who expose a false conspiracy to encourage everyone, and we make flyers and small books that expose these conspiracies and finally (we will consider this problem one of the serious problems in the world).

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  • British Council.jpg lovely_groundhog | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    26 Oct 2021

    There is a way to deal with the conspiracy theory. First, build trust in mainstream media. It's not perfect, but it shouldn't reinforce the notion that the media is hostile to the public. These perceptions can lead individuals to look for information from notorious sources, and even from radicals. However, this is a one-way street. We need to be confident in challenging the conspiracy theory that describes the media as a unit that serves a small faction that is hostile to most people, but the media itself should be more responsible for not believing in this idea. is. Second, it is important to keep an eye on the personal information space, as conspiracy theories must always be admitted to exist. There is no doubt that removing these theories from the media will not solve the problem, but simply pushing them underground makes monitoring difficult. The danger, of course, is that further hosting on our platform enhances the radical message, thereby achieving what conspiracy theorists want. But I'm not convinced that the vast majority of people will not be drawn into conspiracy theories.

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  • British Council.jpg clever_lime | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Oct 2021

    We are all aware of the importance of the journalist in our lives and the amount of trouble he faces to obtain information or to publish a socio-political or even humanitarian issue. It can be likened to “like a candle that burns to light the way for others.” Therefore, from my opinion that the journalist plays an important role in informing people of the environmental problems that We are currently facing it and making people more aware of environmental issues, for example, in the crisis of Corona Covid 19 and the subsequent noticeable environmental improvement and a decrease in emissions, the whole world is linked to news and its transmission, so in such crises the focus is on the journalist And what it transmits in numbers, other and urgent news is the first place for people to listen to, as they were the first line of environmental statistics in terms of fires that cause floods, and also even telling them that the land in this crisis has restored part of its health, such as news of reducing emissions and the layer of weight, as well as the emergence of new plants that had become extinct And other news.
    I believe in my opinion that one of the most important characteristics of a good journalist is objectivity and lack of bias towards a particular aspect. A good journalist has the ability to separate truth from opinion and also has flexibility in dealing with emergency stories and following up on their details. The validity of the news that he reports by referring to its reliable sources is not suitable to be a journalist. But in general, a good journalist transmits news or information in a circumstance that is similar to an eye surgery in its severity.
    Finally, I want to ask you if a journalist can turn into a bad person who broadcasts false news? What will you do if you meet a journalist who lies in his news!?

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  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Oct 2021

    There are ways to deal with conspiracy theories. First, it must be accepted that conspiracy theories will always exist, so it is important to monitor the private information space. There is no doubt that removing these theories from the media will not solve the problem, but rather will push them underground and make them more difficult to monitor. The danger, of course, is that continuing to host them on our platforms doubles the message of extremism, and thus achieves what conspiracy theorists want. However, I am not convinced that the vast majority of the public will not be attracted to conspiracy theories.

    Second, building trust within our mainstream media. While it is not perfect, we cannot be allowed to reinforce the idea that the media is hostile to the population. These perceptions can lead individuals to seek information from notorious sources, and even from extremists. But this is a two-way street. While we need to be confident in challenging conspiracy theories that portray the media as an entity serving a small clique that is hostile to most people, the media themselves should be more responsible to avoid giving credence to this idea.

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  • British Council.jpg believable_chocolate | Start-Rite Schools | Nigeria
    01 Nov 2021

    Action #1
    Benefit: The social media platform will adjust and learn new ways of securing and winning the trust and confidence of their subscribers.

    Limitation: The social media platform where conspiracy theories has been shared would lose subscribers.

    Action #2
    Benefit: Every misinformation is countered immediately.
    Limitation: Most people might not have the time or energy to verify.

    Action #3
    Benefit: Mistakes are reduced when the consequences are learnt at school, homes. etc,

    Limitation: Not everybody can afford good education for their wards and most people do not have good home training not to repeat a gossip or spread rumours.

    Action #4
    Benefit: Information is without sentiments and a reflection of the facts.

    Limitation: such journalist can be targets for saying the truth.

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  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 Nov 2021

    Protecting ourselves from believing fake news and manipulating propaganda because of the illusory effect of the truth? The best way is to be more selective. The information we consume is like the food we eat. If it is undesirable, our thinking will reflect it.

    We don't need to spend as much time reading the news as most of us do. As with many other things in life, more can be less. The vast majority of the news we read is just information pollution. It does not benefit us.

    One of the best solutions is to leave the news. This saves time and energy to engage with the timeless wisdom that will improve your life. Try it for two weeks. And if you're not convinced, read a couple of newspapers for a few days in 1978. You'll see how important the news is at all.

    If you can't quit the news habit, stick to trusted, well-known and reputable news sources. Stay away from questionable sources whenever you can - even if you treat it as entertainment, you may end up internalizing it.

    Look for unfamiliar sources before trusting them. Be wary of sites that are funded entirely through ads (or that pay based on views) and support reader-funded news sources that get value from if possible.

    Prioritize sites that treat their women well and don't expect to write dozens of thoughtless articles a day. Don't rely on news in social media posts without sources, from people outside their purview.

    Avoid treating the news as passively consuming entertainment on the bus or while waiting in line. Keep this in mind - if you want to learn about a topic, take the time to learn about it from multiple trustworthy sources.

    Don't assume that breaking news is better, it may take some time for the full details of the story to emerge and people may be quick to fill in the gaps with misinformation. Accept that not everything can be told and that most of it is not important.

    Pay attention to times when the news makes you feel angry or other strong emotions, as this may be a sign of manipulation. Know that correcting misinformation can further fuel the placebo effect by adding repetition.

    We cannot stop the effect of illusory truth from being. But we can recognize that it is a fact and seek to prevent ourselves from giving in to it in the first place.

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  • British Council.jpg successful_violin | Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College | Bangladesh
    01 Nov 2021

    Debunk- meaning exposing anything that is not true that means bringing the actual fact out in front of everyone.
    ACTION#1_Social-media platforms
    Benefits: this platform has recently become the most popular way for sharing thoughts and also communicating way as one can share and communicate with another person from any distance.
    Limitations: each and every time people using this platform upload their activities and memories with the thought that in this virtual world they are creating a virtual dairy with proper security but how much secured we are as by any means hackers are harassing or kidnapping and suicide like cases are increasing rapidly.
    ACTION#2- Fact-checking websites
    Benefits: each coin has its two sides and like that this website also has its side effects. This website may provide people with reliable news and facts and may save people from being harassed but how much?
    Limitations: when one upload or share anything this isn't being checked instantly by these websites rather later on these are being checked but there remains no use of it as this gap is enough for destroying one's beautiful life.
    ACTION#3- News- literacy
    Benefits: these help us to be acknowledged with the world sitting at home. This makes one to be more careful about fake news which plays an important role in one's life as one fake line and one wrong share may bring destruction in one's life.
    Limitations: where proper knowledge can help us in differentiate between right and wrong, if one well knowing person having knowledge make wrong use of it and present anything reliably which is rather a fake one then it's a great limitation for this media.
    ACTION#4- Journalism
    Benefits: people are able to Know about many things be it national or international and games, sports, businesses and so on where people are the spectators and journalists are directors like movies who decides what they will see and believe.
    Limitations: in this case journalists bring anything together with black and white side of a news and they actually never bring the actual one to the people. They are the one who decides what the general people will see and believe and so they must be careful regarding publishing anything and they should abolish the habit as it's a threat to many people.
    News may come from any media and in this case we are the one believing anything blindly which is not right. But is it out mistake that we believe these medias? Shouldn't these medias be reliable? Believe is not a matter to make fun so being at their own place those people related with these medias should be faith keeping. For being famous and for making one a discussing one, none should use fake news for publicity which may bring destructive situation for many people and family. None have the right to make fun with others emotions and it's our society our people so how can we ignore these and mock at them by using their weak points. If one is doing we all should stop him and it's our duty so if we fulfill our duties properly then these unethical things will become abolish from the world.
    Thank you.

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  • British Council.jpg enlightened_goji | Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College | Bangladesh
    08 Nov 2021

    Debunking has become a very important topic these days because of the spread of false news and information. Many media comes in debunking false information along with limitations.

    Souce 1: SOCIAL MEDIA
    Benefit- Due to the widespread globalization social media is in everyone's hand so it becomes easy to debunk any false news and convey it to people. If the moderators do their job accordingly then we can reduce the spread of false news.
    Limitations- What can we do if the moderators are biased and partial to a certain false news? There are chatting platforms like, Whatsapp, Messenger etc. If one spread false facts through these platforms, will the moderators be able to stop this?

    Source: FACT-CHECKING WEBSITE
    Benefits- These websites can determine whether a news is a false or not. In that way it can help to debunk false news.
    Limitations- Not everyone is aware of such website. Moreover the number of website is few compared to the number of false news spreading worldwide.

    Source: INCREASING AWARENESS ABOUT FALSE NEWS
    Benefits- Government can provide awareness regarding false news and it's spread in the educational institutions. Through these the children can know its adverse effects and should abstain away from it.
    Limitations- To me it's limitations are mainly whether the children are given the lessons properly, whether they understand it and it's importance and whether they really follow it in their life.

    Source: JORNALISM
    Benefits- Through the true and unbiased articles of a journalist the world can know about the TRUE facts.
    Limitations- This source can really play a great role in debunking false news. However if anyone plays bias and partial, it will only fuel up the spread of false news.

    News is a source of light. One should not spread false news as it may cause riot and conflict in communities holding different beliefs. Since we cannot stop the spread of false news that easily we should be sincere and impartial in preventing the spread of false news and debunking any.

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  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    07 Dec 2021

    How do we protect ourselves from believing conspiracy theories I have some of my friends believe conspiracy theories meaning that they believe anything presented on the Internet and I had some ideas to reduce them
    1- Knowing things well
    Before entering into conversations, you should look at things as best you can. People who are familiar with the workings of conspiracy theories are also better protected from them.
    You can find more information about conspiracy theories, for example, on the websites of the Federal Center for Political Education, the European Commission and the Baden-Württemberg State Center for Political Education.

    4. Ask for help

    In some individual cases, it may be right to ask for help, for example if the other party is harming themselves or directly threatening others. In this case, you should contact the local counseling centres. In some states, there are counseling centers specialized in this matter, and frankly, the results have been effective.

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  • British Council.jpg fulfilled_peach | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    12 May 2022

    What are the different ways to debunk conspiracy theories? Think to protect ourselves from believing fake news and manipulating propaganda due to the illusory effect of the truth? The best way is One of the best solutions is to leave the news. This saves time and energy to engage with the timeless wisdom that will improve your life. Try it for two weeks. And if you're not convinced, read a couple of newspapers for a few days in 1978. You'll see how important the news is at all.


    2- To be able to manage personal dialogues in private with others to prove to them the extent of sincerity in exposing this conspiracy and the ability to communicate ideas to others, a reason for the success of revealing and dealing with this conspiracy. We must deal with taking the opinions of others and not rejecting their ideas until they are received and dealt with This plot is easy and it is better than dismissing and condoning their opinions.

    3-Being able to build trust within our mainstream media. While it is not perfect, we cannot reinforce the idea that the media is hostile to the population .
    4-It is more effective to stick to reliable, well-known and reputable news sources and less effective to read two newspapers for a few days.

    5- Limitations: I think it is enough to teach children steps to spot fake news if parents are not interested in adding extra efforts at home to educate their children about what is happening around them. Parents have the greatest influence on their children and school will never be enough without parental help.

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  • British Council.jpg fulfilled_peach | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 May 2022

    The idea that the media is hostile to the population. Action number one! What's really amazing about social media: Some social media platforms have consequences for people who share conspiracy theories. They may delete their posts, suspend their accounts, or report misleading information. is that you can see and hear everything. If something happens, you will find all the people talking about it on social media, and then you will gather a great deal of information and you will be aware of a wide variety of viewpoints. So the benefit: the social media platform will adjust and learn new ways to secure and win the trust of its subscribers! Restriction: If a social media platform shares conspiracy theories, it will lose its subscribers!

    The second action! The benefit of verifying the authenticity of the information: It provides clear information about what is true and what is not, so the person can verify the story himself, whenever he wants to! Also, every misinformation is countered immediately! The limitation is that there are a lot of people who believe in conspiracy theories. But always state clearly that misinformation, before citing a conspiracy theory, provide an alternative, fact-based explanation if possible, use visual aids to support your argument, don't focus on the conspiracy theory first!
    The third action! Benefit: Mistakes are reduced in school or home, also teaches children how to spot misinformation. Restriction: Not all students in class listen, and those who still do may have difficulty identifying these things.

    Fourth action! The benefit: In fact, magazines and TV shows are the main way older people take in information, and they are such an important part of our society, so if the information provided is more reliable, this will put them on the right track.

    They will affect future generations, and this will have very significant benefits. Restrictions: Not all people watch the news or read newspapers, especially children and young people are not interested in these articles

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  • British Council.jpg fulfilled_peach | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 May 2022

    The word "expose"? It means to prove that something is not true. Protecting ourselves from believing fake news and manipulating propaganda because of the illusory effect of the truth? The best way is to be more selective. The information we consume is like the food we eat. If it is undesirable, our thinking will reflect it. So the news is the light. One should not spread false news as it may cause riots and conflict in societies with different beliefs. Since we cannot stop the spread of false news, it is easy to be honest and impartial in preventing the spread of false news! Question: What are the different ways to debunk conspiracy theories? For me , The most effective way to debunk conspiracy theories is to think more logically and get the right knowledge, so we can debunk their criminal theories through news literacy lessons that should be taught in schools. This can actually help people learn how to spot fake news and disinformation, as well as To other ways to debunk theories such as the writings of journalists, social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter, and other ways, all of them can share to a great extent.

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  • British Council.jpg fulfilled_peach | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    15 May 2022

    Lying has become a very important topic these days; Because of the spread of unreliable (false) news and comments! Many media come to expose misinformation along with restrictions but whether the news is false or not, in these ways this thought can help in debunking the lies, the number of networking sites. Social is few but lies are many and spread quickly all over the world! First action! The benefit: Social media platforms delete their posts or suspend their accounts Case in point: 15,000 Facebook has a moderator that removes shady information, Twitter has also suspended 70,000 An account linked to a conspiracy theory, to gain people's trust, social media should be more responsible to avoid giving credibility! Restriction: If a social media platform shares conspiracy theories, it will lose its subscribers! But I think the best advice for debunking conspiracy theories is to focus on the facts you want to communicate, choose your target source or the logic behind the conspiracy theory! News is "the source of light". One should not spread false news as it may cause riots and conflict in societies with different beliefs. Since we cannot stop the spread of false news, it is easy to be honest and impartial in preventing the spread of false news and its falsity.

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