What's a futurist? Mark Stevenson answers your questions!

For each topic, we give you the chance to ask questions to our experts.

For Big corp power, meet Mark Stevenson - whose job it is to work with big corporations. How? Let's find out...

Here's the pick of Mark's answers (and there are many more in the comments below):

My question is, are companies a cause of the phenomenon of climate change or a factor in this cause?
appreciative_pear, Shouka Prep Girls School, Occupied Palestinian Territory

Mark's answer: If you're asking 'are companies solely responsible for climate change?' the answer is 'no' - that is a collective responsibility held between governments, corporations and civil society. The rules of the market as currently perceived and practiced however prioritise short-term financial profit over long-term civilisational survival - so right now corporations are the major source of the problem due to their emissions - and also therefore, a major part of the solution. See: https://racetozero.unfccc.int/


Will robots be a good helper in creating a stable climate and a clean environment?
independent_technology, Jabalia Prep Girls A School, Occupied Palestinian Territory

Mark's answer: They can play a part - if they are manufactured in a climate negative way, if they can reduce the carbon footprint of work that would otherwise be done by a human (e.g. by being less energy intensive or more efficient). But robots are not *the* answer - that lies in the interplay of society, technology and governance.


Do you think that it is possible to change the priorities and priorities of major companies to reduce injuries from Covid 19 and be environmentally and climate-friendly?
impartial_lute, Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School, Occupied Palestinian Territory

Mark's answer: Yes, it is entirely possible to get people to change the goals of large companies - this is mostly my job. How? That is a very long answer but it starts with talking to the emotions of those involved - to get them to feel the need to be better, not just think it. The brain does the PR for what the heart has already decided. With the heart engaged you can work with investors, legislators and employees to create a new purpose and direction for an organisation. You might interested in https://bcorporation.uk/.

Comments (80)

  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    12 Jan 2022

    I have some questions Do you think that big companies have a role in facing and dealing with climate change and what is the importance of companies in addressing climate change and why are lawsuits increasing against governments and companies on the issue of climate change and will the phenomenon of climate change have a negative impact on companies in the future??

  • British Council.jpg compassionate_explanation | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    12 Jan 2022

    If all the major companies turned into green and environmentally friendly companies, would all issues related to the environment and climate be resolved in the future??? Or will you reduce it by a specific percentage, and how much do you expect this percentage to reach???

    1. avatar.jpg Natalie @ Arup
      compassionate_explanation's comment 13 Jan 2022

      Hi, great question compassionate_explanation! If companies improve their climate policies, you are right that this help reduce climate-related issues. but, can you think of other sources of emissions outside of companies?

  • British Council.jpg pioneering_wilddog | Jabalia Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    Well, companies have a great influence on people or anything in the world, we must put an end to climate change, but with some companies that emit significant carbon dioxide, I think climate change will destroy the world, how can this be avoided, in a logical way??

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      pioneering_wilddog's comment 25 Jan 2022

      By not being fatalistic about it. If you think it's inevitable you are part of the problem (and being lazy in the process). Fatalism and cynicism in 'good' people are why the bad guys often get given a free ride. Fall in love with the future again - and then you'll fight for it - and you become the answer to your own fears.

  • British Council.jpg thoughtful_iceberg | Jabalia Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    If major corporations become an essential pillar of our lives and we cannot dispense with them, will it increase the risk of climate change? And why?

    1. avatar.jpg Urvashi @ The Economist
      thoughtful_iceberg's comment 13 Jan 2022

      What are the pros and cons of this dependancy on major corporations from an individual/society perspective?

      1. British Council.jpg impartial_lute | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Urvashi @ The Economist's comment 13 Jan 2022

        In my opinion, there are pros and cons to this reliance
        Among its positives: it is there to support us, even if for a while, and it is also the attractive force for imagination
        Among its negatives:
        1) A company cannot last forever
        2) The amount of pleasure in competition decreases, growth lags
        3) It can be a difficult task
        4) Opportunities for growth and development depend on many risks
        I don't believe in relying on big companies

      2. British Council.jpg thoughtful_iceberg | Jabalia Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Urvashi @ The Economist's comment 13 Jan 2022

        Well, for example, we say that a person relied on buying clothes from the Internet. First, on the individual: When a person sits all day without moving and buys while sitting, this leads to health problems because he does not move much, but when he buys from the market, he goes and moves and activates himself, even mixing with people. On the community: the community will disintegrate when everyone is in his home and they do not meet With their friends because everything has become easy and everything works while he is at home, the second person: rely on watching videos on YouTube, for the individual: his eyes will weaken and he will have problems in the future, his activity will decrease and he will be lonely because he sits alone with the phone for a long time and does not talk to people much, The third person: Relied on making meetings on the application of Microsoft, on the individual: he will become lazy and lonely also when he sees people from behind the screen, and on society: it will disintegrate and not develop, what I mean from my words this dependence on companies in life will lead to great damage to the individual and society.

    2. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      thoughtful_iceberg's comment 25 Jan 2022

      There is nothing wrong with big companies per se - but badly regulated big companies are problematic - and that is what we have now. Governments and their legislators are generally run by older people (my age and up!) that don't really 'get' the new world - and try to build laws and tax regimes from a very antiquated viewpoint. So, they see Facebook as a publisher (it isn't), they see what they narrowly call 'the economy' and GDP as indicators of prosperity (they often aren't) and they educate their populations in much the same way they were (which is often madness). It takes a generation of people to grow up in the new world to legislate for it - and we are finally seeing the seeds of this when it comes to the two big trends of our age: climate/ biodiversity and digital.

  • British Council.jpg majestic_moon | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    My question is: Will major companies start solving the climate crisis in 2022 or finding solutions to it??

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      majestic_moon's comment 25 Jan 2022

      They are certainly beginning to think about it - and some are doing great things - but they (like everyone else) are starting very late (about 30 years to late). That's why I'm a big fan of https://racetozero.unfccc.int/

  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    I have a question why companies that have become giants in their field are not immune from these five fundamental forces?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      appreciative_pear's comment 25 Jan 2022

      Which '5 fundamental forces'?! I'm fascinated to know what they are!

  • British Council.jpg cultured_lute | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    Are there major companies in the world discussing sustainable development now?! Do you follow the conditions of the world and the impact of Corona and climate change in the world and countries?! Is she able to reduce it?!

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      cultured_lute's comment 25 Jan 2022

      Yes there are but not enough. Do I follow the impact? As much as I can, but the world is a big place. What I encourage people to do is think in systems and challenge the assumptions within them that guide good people to do bad things. For example, I have been working with military forces to foster collaboration in the face of their biggest threat - climate change. This is not natural for them - they see the enemy as 'someone else' but now the biggest enemy (in the face of a threat that knows no borders) might be a lack of cooperation.

  • British Council.jpg impartial_lute | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    What are the priorities of major companies?? Do you think that it is possible to change the priorities and priorities of major companies to reduce injuries from Covid 19 and be environmentally and climate friendly??
    And how do you expect people's reactions to change or moving from one goal to another?? And how will changing its goals affect the environment, climate and economy??

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      impartial_lute's comment 25 Jan 2022

      Yes, it is entirely possible to get people to change the goals of large companies - this is mostly my job. How? That is a very long answer but it starts with talking to the emotions of those involved - to get them to feel the need to be better, not just think it. The brain does the PR for what the heart has already decided. With the heart engaged you can work with investors, legislators and employees to create a new purpose and direction for an organisation. You might interested in https://bcorporation.uk/

  • British Council.jpg enterprising_technology | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    My question is why large companies do not donate materials to factories to manufacture cars that run on solar energy or any other machines that run on clean energy?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      enterprising_technology's comment 25 Jan 2022

      I'm not sure I understand your question. Are you suggesting that manufacturers in the solar-power business should donate their products to car manufacturers? Then they would not be a business but a very unique kind of NGO!

  • British Council.jpg independent_technology | Jabalia Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    I have a question (Will robots be a good helper in creating a stable climate and a clean environment.??!)

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      independent_technology's comment 25 Jan 2022

      They can play a part - if they are manufactured in a climate negative way, if they can reduce the carbon footprint of work that would otherwise be done by a human (e.g. by being less energy intensive or more efficient). But robots are not *the* answer - that lies in the interplay of society, technology and governance.

  • British Council.jpg capable_seal | Jabalia Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    I would like to ask Mr. Mark this question??
    Is it possible for the robot to take the place of the human being in the major companies.

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      capable_seal's comment 25 Jan 2022

      I think you'll find that they already have! - by which I mean in that the corporate world often insists upon culturally programmed responses that no sane human would make left to their own devices. It's not that the robots replace humans, more the humans start acting like robots.

  • British Council.jpg aware_painting | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    Do all companies disclose climate risks?? Are they seriously seeking to manufacture products that reduce climate pollution and obtain profits greater than the costs???

    1. British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
      aware_painting's comment 16 Jan 2022

      I have a question about will climate change affect major companies negatively in the future and do major companies have any role or cause of climate change??

      1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
        appreciative_pear's comment 25 Jan 2022

        If you read the answers below you'll see I've answered this in broad terms but if you have a more specific question, fire away!

    2. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      aware_painting's comment 25 Jan 2022

      Do all companies? No, although the large ones will increasingly have to (see: https://www.cnbc.com/2021/01/26/blackrock-calls-for-climate-change-disclosure-expects-sustainable-investing-to-continue.html). Smart companies will soon realise the only game in town is sustainable and regenerative operations or they'll destroy their own customer base. Increasingly younger people will only buy from and work for companies that do the right thing.

  • British Council.jpg steadfast_woodpecker | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    My secret is: What is the importance of the role of startups in tackling climate change? And how can they help?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      steadfast_woodpecker's comment 25 Jan 2022

      Let's be clear: every start-up these days is going to have to take climate seriously. And it's true that we need innovative new companies to challenge the status quo and out-compete the polluting incumbents - so I'm all for them (and indeed am involved in setting up, funding or advising a number!). But there is a fetishisation of start-ups as the only engine of change - whereas often most of the heavy risks are taken in publicly funded arenas. You might find this and interesting: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3r1IPsldbBg

  • British Council.jpg poetic_attention | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    13 Jan 2022

    I have a question, should big companies increase investments in education in developing countries?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      poetic_attention's comment 25 Jan 2022

      Let me ask you a question. Who should responsible for educating people? And who should be responsible for deciding the environment in which they learn, and how they learn? Big companies? Government? Teachers? Students themselves? If you leave it to just one actor, say just companies, you will get a very skewed view of what education should be - and probably one that serves the company but not necessarily wider society. So the answer is: investment in education is probably a good thing - but the nature of that investment should be a society-wide discussion and collaboration.

  • British Council.jpg healthy_antelope | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    14 Jan 2022

    I would like to ask Mark, if you are someone who rejects the idea of ​​artificial intelligence and its control of our world, how can you convince the big tech companies to change their thinking about this?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      healthy_antelope's comment 25 Jan 2022

      The term 'artificial intelligence' covers a very wide range of technologies. The science fiction idea is that of a conscious machine that can make argued moral judgements and understand the nuance of emotion. This does not exist - for the very good reason we still don't know how consciousness really work. Then there is using algorithms and the huge data crunching power and speed of machines to do things that would take us a long time . The problem is that those algorithms, and the data they are fed with often unwittingly embed the prejudices and problems of the world we have today - further entrenching them rather than helping us create a new world (see racist AI's as an example: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p08psmq0). On the other hand AI technology that helps train pilots safely in simulators. So, as with all technologies it depends on what you are asking it to do and why. Quite often we get artificial stupidity because we are setting these technology blindly on the wrong path. So your question: how do you change company's thinking on this is really about getting them to see the wider context in which the technology is deployed - to look up from a narrow tech lens and see a much bigger societal lens.

  • British Council.jpg healthy_antelope | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    14 Jan 2022

    Climate change and big business, how will you explain the integrative relationship that will connect these terms in the future?
    Also Democracy is a concept that has been achieved in a large number of countries, but my question is how can democracy affect the work and investments of large companies now and in the future?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      healthy_antelope's comment 24 Jan 2022

      How would you explain to an alien that they are currently not connected?! Every business on the planet depends on a functioning climate to exist. They are linked, just like our systems and prejudices ask us to be blind. Part of my job is removing those blinkers.

      On democracy you have to be quite careful to say it has been 'achieved'. No nation is fully democratic - and most that claim to be are using systems of democracy invented hundreds of years ago that are not fit for the challenges of today. And when it comes to business they are generally profoundly undemocratic! Did you have any say in electing the CEO of Google? And yet Google is more powerful than most governments. A really good resource on all this is the Economist's own excellent Democracy Index - https://www.eiu.com/n/campaigns/democracy-index-2020/ - which shows just how fragile democracy is - and has documented its depressing retreat in recent decades. However there are many ideas for how we re-invigorate things - from citizens assemblies (see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citizens'_assembly) to participatory budgeting (see https://www.participatorybudgeting.org/what-is-pb/).

      1. British Council.jpg healthy_antelope | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Mark Stevenson's comment 28 Jan 2022

        This imperfect democracy helped elect a successful president, supported small businesses to reach this success, We can never forget how South Korea rose through small companies that are now global with its success and influence, and this was thanks to President Park Chung Hee,Since we have reached this point of technology and our countries are incomplete in terms of democracy,Do you think that our contentment with this extent of democracy will give us the same results that we want from technological development and the development and access of small companies to globalization and become large companies like Amazon?

      2. British Council.jpg healthy_antelope | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Mark Stevenson's comment 28 Jan 2022

        I think that indeed the results of democracy and the selection of the president by election affect the progress of business in companies, when the company does not find the resource to manufacture the product is cheap in the country Because of the relations that the president has spoiled with exporting countries,Thus, the company falls into financial problems, and it may borrow large loans from the bank that it cannot repay, leading to its bankruptcy,And do not forget that the peoples will also support the government of their country and boycott the companies in that country, so stock prices will go down and the state’s annual income will be destroyed,But when the president sets a strategic plan for companies to work on with regard to exporting to the world and linking the country's market to the global market, the demand for the company's products will increase and will be supported until it reaches a global stage, and when the head of state thinks about the interests of his people in terms of job opportunities and income,He will be able to support young people by establishing their own companies, and here there will be a boom in the country whose impact will become global Because of its power, where here the president gives the lamp to those who were afraid that the light of their rooms would become dark if they entered this field, but because the head of state broke their fear and encouraged them and supported them financially and morally, He allocated a percentage of what the state spends on them, so they were able to advance the state and raise its status

  • British Council.jpg supportive_literature | Jabalia Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    16 Jan 2022

    Well, I will not be misleading, my question is, what are the things or qualities that the company should have, in order to remain present and maintain its customers and it's level in the future???

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      supportive_literature's comment 24 Jan 2022

      To be future literate, to understand the big questions the future is asking us about climate, social justice, inequality, democracy, the pricing of risk in the markets etc. and have something positive to say and do about answering those questions in the service of making our world regenerative, equitable, humane and just. As the failures of our old world continue to bite we will demand organisations that work with us, and employees, investors and citizens to solve the problems we face, rather than profit from making them. Increasingly those seen as part of the problem will be legislated or competed out of existence.

  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    16 Jan 2022

    Hello Mr. Mark, I have a question: How can the economy affect corporate investment in the future??

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      appreciative_pear's comment 24 Jan 2022

      It depends on how the rules of the economy are changed. For instance the tax system can be (and is) structured to incentivise or penalise different things. So one change I have suggested to the government is that we levy lower corporation taxes on companies with lower emissions, rewarding the climate good guys. (It's not unlike London's Ultra Low Emissions Zone - which charges you a lot of money just to get in your car if it's a high emitter - but electric vehicles can use the roads for free). You're going to see a lot of legislation coming in this area in the coming years.

  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    17 Jan 2022

    My question is, are companies a cause of the phenomenon of climate change or a factor in this cause?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      appreciative_pear's comment 24 Jan 2022

      If you're asking 'are companies solely responsible for climate change?' the answer is 'no' - that is a collective responsibility held between governments, corporations and civil society. The rules of the market as currently perceived and practiced however prioritise short term financial profit over long-term civilisational survival - so right now corporations are the major source of the problem due to their emissions - and also therefore, a major part of the solution. See: https://racetozero.unfccc.int/

  • British Council.jpg caring_personality | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    18 Jan 2022

    I want to ask you a question, is it possible that the big companies in the future will have power over the people, or is this illogical?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      caring_personality's comment 24 Jan 2022

      They already do have huge power over people. Think about how social networks monopolise and monetise your attention, even to the point of undermining democracy. Think about being the target of 3,000 commercial messages a day (as you are) and what that does to you mindset. Think about how we are all called 'consumers' rather than 'citizens' and how that tends to convince us that our only action to change the world is to buy or not to buy. Big business arguably have more power than elected governments. Think of the power of Amazon, or Google or CNN... The marketing and advertising and PR industry spend billions of dollars a day trying to influence you to do things - and succeeding! This: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NUJ9HLkMTDA might be of interest!

      1. British Council.jpg caring_personality | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Mark Stevenson's comment 26 Jan 2022

        This is very cool, how did these companies get so much power, and why did they succeed?

  • British Council.jpg playful_dragonfruit | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    18 Jan 2022

    Hi Mark Stevenson The question is can large corporations turn into . Small companies and small companies become more advanced

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      playful_dragonfruit's comment 24 Jan 2022

      Of course they can, but I'm not sure what you mean by the question. Sometime you need a large company or organisation to do things at scale. For instance, the carbon removal industry will need to become very big very quickly - and that will involve some very big players.

  • British Council.jpg radical_beetle | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    18 Jan 2022

    Hello, I think that the companies themselves are not the cause of the problem of climate change, but rather their factories and their exhausts, so my question is. Is it possible to reduce these emissions and outputs that work in climate change easily and without realizing significant losses to companies or the environment?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      radical_beetle's comment 24 Jan 2022

      Your question seems to see losses as only financial. If those 'exhausts' are destroying our future should we not account for them? And which is more important: the profits of the companies that damage our home or saving the future of the planet? Who do you think *owns* those factories? The problem is that we only account for profit and loss in a very narrow financial way. When you fall in love or have your heartbroken, how would you account for that financially? You wouldn't of course - because some things are far more important than money, and indeed unmeasurable in such a narrow way. We need a much bigger view of companies and the economy than 'did it make a short term profit regardless of the damage done to the future.' You might want to talk to your teachers about 'externalities' and how we do, or don't account for them!

  • British Council.jpg articulate_antelope | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    18 Jan 2022

    Do large companies have an impact on the climate and do they have a role in changing the state of the climate

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      articulate_antelope's comment 24 Jan 2022

      Yes, because they are damaging it (as we all are) and yes, because they have to stop it. Without them doing this human civilisation is forfeit. You might, therefore, be interested in https://racetozero.unfccc.int/

  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    18 Jan 2022

    My question is, do major companies that work hard, with honor and in good faith, have an important role in building and developing society?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      appreciative_pear's comment 24 Jan 2022

      Of course they do. But most do not. Not because they are actively evil but because the incentives are all wrong - and so they may *think* they are doing good work because their internal culture and values tells them they are. To 'work hard, with honour and in good faith' means fundamentally re-assessing what a business is for and how it can exist in the world we must build if we're to survive and thrive on this fragile planet. Most companies cannot do this because they were born under the existing rules and assumption - and have grown successful and comfortable in that environment. We all like to tell ourselves that what we are doing is 'good' but often we are dressing up what we have always done in a new way so that we don't have to do the actual difficult work of really changing. So let me ask you a question: how many companies of honour and good faith, capable of accepting their part (as we all must) in the destruction of our future - and what we must really do to address that - are there? And for the rest - how do we get them to, as you put it, 'the hard work'?

  • British Council.jpg creative_chicken | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    18 Jan 2022

    I'd like to ask you, Mark, a question
    How can the climate affect large companies and whether it has a negative or positive impact
    I also have a question, what are the things that work for equality between everyone and also to preserve the corporate economy?

    1. Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
      creative_chicken's comment 24 Jan 2022

      Climate affects all of us. Without a stable climate, much that we now take for granted will disappear. Already we are paying a huge price (both in monetary but also human terms) for our inaction on the matter. Some large companies have understood this and are working to change business to be in tune with our home rather than destructive of it - but these are too few and far between at the moment. However, as the reality of climate change becomes ever more painful a combination of legislation, public sentiment and corporate innovation can turn some forward thinking businesses into a new kind of company - a regenerative organisation that does more good than harm. On your second question I am concerned that it presumes we need to preserve 'the corporate economy' as it is. The majority of the current corporate economy could be summed up by an alien looking at us from outer space as we turn environmental and social degradation into short-term profit for a very few of the born lucky. To reduce inequality we need to rethink the rules of how society works - including rethinking the roles and rewards for corporations.

  • British Council.jpg ineffable_jambul | Jabalia Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    19 Jan 2022

    Hi Mark, I have a question that I think about sometimes. Are big companies going to change the world economy in the future? I think yes they will make the world better.

  • Mark.jpg EXPERT: Mark Stevenson
    24 Jan 2022

    I think we have to think more carefully about what we mean by 'the world economy' first. The root of the words 'economy' and 'ecology' are interesting and revealing: 'economy' roughly translates to 'management of the home' while ecology translates to 'knowledge of the home' - and yet economists do not study ecology! - which means those that are supposed to suggest how we manage our home do not really understand it - and this is one reason our economic models struggle to understand the role of the biosphere, or treat it with much respect. Businesses operate within the rules and assumptions and culture of our times, but in business these have largely been guided by economists, who have been largely ignorant of the bigger picture. Therefore big companies will certainly affect our world, but really it's the rules, assumptions and incentives we create for them that are the real story. If more and more legislators and investors and businesses move to this bigger understanding of our place on planet earth they can change the world for the better. If they don't and we carry on our current trajectory those businesses will hasten civilisational collapse (which is not good for anyone). A good alternative to our current predominant economic models can be found in Kate Raworth's Doughnut Economics - and some nations, cities, legislators and business are starting to put her ideas into practice.

  • British Council.jpg unassuming_tamarillo | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    25 Jan 2022

    I have a lot of questions and I am curious if it will happen in the future for the big companies, but there are a lot of factories that we need, but they contribute to environmental pollution and climate change. How can we turn them into environmentally friendly factories that do not pollute the climate, and if the matter develops and the big companies are forced to close their headquarters and deal Electronically, will all companies succeed, or will some of them not succeed and will they be closed?

  • British Council.jpg impartial_lute | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    26 Jan 2022

    I would like to ask you:
    What is the reaction of major companies when their plan or project fails? Do you place the responsibility on a person or on everyone??
    Do you give up??

    1. avatar.jpg Natalie @ Arup
      impartial_lute's comment 07 Feb 2022

      This is a great question. I think it will depend on the company culture (more team-oriented or more individualistic) and the particular project. If the failure is due to a big mistake by an individual then they are likely to take some of the blame, but in most cases the team as a whole will reflect on what went wrong. What can a team do during a project to make sure it doesn't fail?

  • British Council.jpg enterprising_technology | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Jan 2022

    I have a question, do you think that large companies have a reason not to work with people with a certificate? I think they have a relationship because if you hire people who have a degree, the unemployment crisis may resolve, or donate a small amount to young people who establish their lives, any projects in which they employ workers and young people, and so I think the unemployment rate will decrease.

  • British Council.jpg reliable_construction | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Jan 2022

    My question to you is/ does increasing the working hours in companies increase production or work on resting their employees with techniques and providing them with what they need to prepare for work and increase their activity?

    1. avatar.jpg Natalie @ Arup
      reliable_construction's comment 07 Feb 2022

      Great question - I think this really depends on the industry and the individual employee, but certainly working more than a standard working week can make employees excessively tired and burnt out. Have you heard of countries trialling 4-day working weeks? Do you think these trials can help us decide whether we should work more or less?

  • British Council.jpg reliable_construction | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Jan 2022

    From your point of view, as an expert in this field, do you think that it is possible for you to be fired if you oppose the company’s policy and express an opinion that contradicts them? Do you delete the years of service you provided to them?

    1. avatar.jpg Natalie @ Arup
      reliable_construction's comment 07 Feb 2022

      This is a complex question. It is important to stand up for what is right and express your opinion, especially on matters like climate change. However, there is a sensible way to do this rather than publicly speaking out against the company. How do you think employees can raise important matters?

      1. British Council.jpg reliable_construction | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Natalie @ Arup's comment 10 Feb 2022

        Company employees can talk directly about their problems and opinions or through the complaints box, and they can do a group activity in which they express what is inside them

  • British Council.jpg curious_location | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Jan 2022

    How do financial companies help implement climate efforts to reduce global warming, such as financing renewable energy such as wind or solar energy??! how

    1. avatar.jpg Natalie @ Arup
      curious_location's comment 07 Feb 2022

      Great question. A lot of these financial organisations have a long-term outlook. They realise that investing in renewables might require high upfront costs (like buying and installing solar panels), but in the long term they will be profitable and they can sell the additional energy back to the grid. What can the government do to encourage more companies to invest in renewable energy?

      1. British Council.jpg curious_location | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Natalie @ Arup's comment 08 Feb 2022

        The government supports all individual and collective initiatives and attempts in this direction, but the road is still in its infancy. I realized the importance of searching for sources of renewable energy, especially if we know that Palestine is located 30 degrees north of the equator; , which is a very high percentage in the positive sense.

  • British Council.jpg articulate_antelope | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    29 Jan 2022

    In large companies, should there be a person working to support employees and support them not to lose hope? What is the importance of having this person in the company?

    1. British Council.jpg curious_location | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
      articulate_antelope's comment 08 Feb 2022

      Innocent, yes, it is necessary, because this will help him in his work psychologically, morally and verbally, and this person is of great importance in our society, and there is a negative result that will lead to the support of continuous communication between them, and trust will develop between managers and employees

  • British Council.jpg majestic_moon | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    30 Jan 2022

    I would like to ask you a question when the big companies become greener will there be a better life without climate change or will new things come and make it worse??? I have read a lot about huge companies and I see that if they help in the problem of climate change and donate the money that they need, can we solve the problem????

    1. avatar.jpg Natalie @ Arup
      majestic_moon's comment 07 Feb 2022

      Yes majestic_moon, big companies becoming greener will help slow the rate of climate change. They can be encouraged to go greener faster through government policies and tougher consequences for high emissions. Do you know of any companies that are becoming greener?

  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    03 Feb 2022

    my question is

    Do individual decisions contribute to fighting global warming? Or are calls for lifestyle changes just a way to divert attention from real solutions to combat global warming? What is the role of major companies in this?

    1. avatar.jpg Natalie @ Arup
      appreciative_pear's comment 07 Feb 2022

      Great question! I definitely think that individual decisions are important, particularly if we all do our bit. What do you think are the best things we can do as individuals to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions?

  • British Council.jpg appreciative_pear | Shouka Prep Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    11 Feb 2022

    Mr. Mark, I have a question: Do big companies have any role in climate change?

  • British Council.jpg amazing_skill | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    12 Feb 2022

    I would like to ask you, do major companies have an impact on areas of life such as education, health, social, economic, and so on??

  • British Council.jpg confident_imagination | Marka Prep. Girls School 2 | Jordan
    28 Feb 2022

    I have questions: Do companies have a role in the climate change we are facing? Is it the cause of the weight hole and diseases resulting from water, soil and air pollution?? And if this is the reason, what are we going to do?

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