The Effects of Climate Change

[Photograph (header image) By Paul Nicklen, Nat Geo Image Collection]

As our new topic for Burnet News Club, we are "exploring whose responsibility it is to address climate change, and what young people can do to make a difference.", I quote the main page. I think this is an excellent choice for a theme, as it really does have an impact on everybody's life, and it is important that we address the problem instantly. What we really need to understand is that the Earth does not belong to us; we are just guests, living on it until we leave it for the next generation to come. This means that it is not ours to destroy - don't you agree?

The Effects of Climate Change

  • Temperatures will continue to rise, higher and higher.

Humans can only survive at a certain temperature, and so can the Earth. Earth’s global surface temperature in 2018 was the fourth warmest since modern recordkeeping began in 1880, according to an analysis by NASA.

The past five years are, collectively, the warmest years in the modern record. This is not good.

  • There will be more Droughts and Heat Waves

A drought is a natural disaster of below-average precipitation in a given region that can last for months or even years, resulting in water shortages. A heat wave, however, is a period of excessively hot weather, which may be accompanied by high humidity. As you can see, neither of them, no water and excessively hot weather, are not even the slightest bit pleasent, I'm sure you'll agree. Though, we are now only thinking about how bad this is for ourselves as humans. It effects the Earth as well.

  • Hurricanes, Typhoons and Cyclones will become stronger, more intense, and possibly happen more often

All the of the three above describe the same type of storm, but depending on where you are, and where it happens, people use them differently. Hurricanes are described in the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific, Cyclones are in the Bay of Bengal and northern Indian Ocean, and Typhoons are in the Western Pacific.

At the moment, Hurricanes are seasonal; from June to November in the Atlantic and central Pacific, when conditions are right.

  • Sea level will rise 1-4 feet (0.3-1m) by 2100 (possibly causing more floods)

According to, "Global sea level has risen by about 8 inches since reliable record keeping began in 1880." If you compare this to a metre, then it will seem much. But even if it doesn't, this shouldn't be happening - yet it is, because of climate change. This is the result of added water from melting land ice (see next bullet point) and the expansion of seawater as it warms.

  • Arctic is likely to become Ice-Free

This is a very commonly thought about effect of climate change, and people have even dedicated whole documentries to it, but, nevertheless, it is just as important. The famous Arctic Ocean is expected to become ice-free in rapid time - "summer before mid-century". Much of this melting ice contributes to sea-level rise. Not only are we worried about ourselves; after all, it does affect humans, but the polar bears who live and depend on the ice to protect them. Experts warn that many of the bears are having trouble finding food as the sea ice they historically relied on thins and melts earlier.

  • Ecosystems will continue to change

Some species will move faurher north and/or become more successful; others, such as polar bears, won’t be able to adapt and could become extinct, like I mentioned previously, in the last bullet point. This is likely, as already a type of polar bear is endangered - we don't want them to become extinct altogether!

As you can see, there are a whole lot of effects climate chnage has to us, our wildlife, and our Earth.

There are, however, things you can do to help (I'll list a few down here):

  • Use less water

A way of doing this would be to turn the tap off while you are brushing your teeth - or, if you want to take it a step further, brush your teeth when you wash yourself! That way, you are not wasting water; instead, its acting as a 2 in 1!

  • Recycle

An alternative would be to invest in recycling. Recycling is a cost-effective and eco-friendly process that eliminates waste and doesn’t emit greenhouse gasses* into the environment. Be sure to collect your discarded paper, glass, plastic, and electronics to your local recycling center. This will then lead to the items being recycled into something new.

  • Educate Yourself and Others

I think this is possibly one of the most important things to do. This is because the more we educate people (especially youngsters) about the effects of climate change - mainly why I'm doing this post - the more they will realise how grave the Earth is in danger. Then, they should take matters into their own hands, making up eco-friendly ideas like I do.

Ecosia is basically the same as Google - a search engine. The only difference is, every time you search, you plant a tree. This is an example of people taking action against cliamte change. These are people like Greta Thunberg whom I greatly admire. These people care about the Earth, and want to help it. I am using Ecosia right now. All I had to do was install it on my Chrome browser as an extension - and there you have it! I'm helping save the trees and Earth. This is their FAQ if you have any questions:

It helps that BNC's subject this term is Climate Change, as all the young students who take part in the club will understand that their future is in their own hands, and they are the only people who can make a change. Adults and older people - it doesn't matter for them; they are going to be on this planet less that you and me are. My headteacher said that in 12 years, all the beetles, bugs and insects will be exctinct, and that this will lead to the whole human race - this generation and the next - gone. Just like that! And for what? For our own carelessness.

Do you really think it's worth it?

Links I used for help (click them):

National Geographic (I've not watched the video fully, but I'm sure it looks interesting)

NASA (focused on climate change) (I have used the same headings, but my own description - unless they are in quote marks, or the odd unnotised bit)

I didn't use this for help, but found quite interesting facts:

What Will Happen If The Planet’s Temperature Rises By Just Half A Degree?

*The heat reflected back by greenhouse gases produces a measurable warming of the Earth’s surface and oceans. This global climate change has wide-ranging effects on the Earth’s ice, oceans, ecosystems, and biodiversity (diversity among and within plant and animal species in an environment.), according to

Comments (8)

  • Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ Topical Talk
    10 Jun 2019

    Well done for writing a really informative post. Which BNC skills do you think helped you?

    Reply to this comment
    1. Boutcher-logo-250x250.jpg content_lemon | Boutcher C of E Primary School A | United Kingdom
      Olivia @ Topical Talk's comment 14 Jun 2019

      Thanks so much for the star, Olivia! But I’m so very sorry I couldn’t reply sooner; school has been very hectic.
      I’ll now explain:
      1. Curiosity
      Since I’ve first heard about it, I’ve been exceedingly curious about climate change; what causes it; what can we do to stop it etc. The protests just encouraged that inquisitiveness – I was in The Strand, and had seen great groups of people marching down with flags and logos. I instantly knew what that meant. However, it wasn’t all that great. All the buses were delayed, and we had to wait and pay for the train back!
      But if I didn’t have that curiosity (or craving, if you will) to quickly get home from school and start researching for interest and another post worth making, then I wouldn’t have done as well as I have now.
      I think this skill really stood out in helping me with this post because I had to keep searching Ecosia for a good website with valuable and useable information to make this post. I needed to know exactly what I wanted, and how I wanted it.
      However, not all of my facts came from the web. I must admit to asking many, many questions to my mum, who, of course, answered them with as detailed answers as she could (she used to be a journalist, and still studies and reads many articles – which helps!). Fingers crossed I haven’t made her cross!
      Throughout the process of making the post in which you have read above, I made sure I was reading it out every now and again, editing it (but despite this, I must’ve been half asleep; I’ve noticed a spelling error in the “Ecosystems will continue to change” section. Further, not faurher. Sorry!) and making sure I was asking deep questions in my head (by “deep” I mean not just the 6-worded types, but the multi-step ones)

      2. Reasoning
      In order to carry out my opinions and thoughts, and make sure they were understood in an orderly fashion, I had to reason with my decisions – and build up on them. I had to make sure that I had facts, with an odd bit of opinion buried inside.
      I really had to rack my brain, digging deeper in answers to find my reasons, and extending them with conjunctions – because, as, and, but etc. But then I had the task of making sure they weren’t TOO long – which, I’ll have to admit, I found hard (there’s too much I want to add to the sentence; like with this one, for example!)
      I think I do use this skill, or at least try to, in most of my posts, and do enjoy using it. I guess I like thinking up ideas – especially those of what we can do to help save our precious planet, like I did above.

      3. Open-Mindedness
      This is a little bit like Reasoning, because it contains reasons. In order to make the “What you can do to help” section in my post, I had to think about how other people reading this will react, and whether or not they will actually be able to do it. This is because sometimes I read online stuff that literally say things that I cannot and will not even think of doing, because I simply can’t.
      I also had to bear people on Burnet News Club In mind because we are all kids, and we don’t understand all the facts – well, I don’t – so I had to simplify, sort of, what I read so that I, first of all, had to understand it, and others, my readers, had to too.
      Thanks again for the star!! I’m proud to receive my 22nd one!

      Reply to this comment
      1. Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ Topical Talk
        content_lemon's comment 17 Jun 2019

        Excellent explanation!

        Reply to this comment
  • Boutcher-logo-250x250.jpg lovable_otter | Boutcher C of E Primary School A | United Kingdom
    13 Jun 2019

    so much information to take in but it was a great post!!!!!

    Reply to this comment
    1. Boutcher-logo-250x250.jpg content_lemon | Boutcher C of E Primary School A | United Kingdom
      logical_banana's comment 24 Jun 2019

      Thanks a lot @logical_banana! A lot of thought went into this!

      Reply to this comment
  • Lyons Hall Primary School mesmerising_otter | Lyons Hall Primary School | United Kingdom
    20 May 2020

    I've been researching the effect of climate change on animals. I have chosen Polar Bears, and this is what I have found out:
    The Polar Bears rely on sea ice to hunt and store energy for the Summer and Autumn. But now, due to climate change, sea ice melts earlier in the spring and forms later in the Autumn in the Bears southern range. This can lead to unhealthy Bears. Unhealthy Bears can mean lower birth rates, higher cub mortality-and eventually, local extinction.

    Reply to this comment

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