for many years, people have been using trade. today, we trade for things we need/want, services, help, ect. but how did other people, a long time ago, get things they needed withought money?
The first long-distance trade occurred between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley in Pakistan around 3000 BC, historians believe. Long-distance trade in these early times was limited almost exclusively to luxury goods like spices, textiles and precious metals. Cities that were rich in these commodities became financially rich, too, satiating the appetites of other surrounding regions for jewelry, fancy robes and imported delicacies.
It wasn't long after that trade networks crisscrossed the entire Eurasian continent, inextricably linking cultures for the first time in history.
By the second millennium BC, former backwater island Cyprus had become a major Mediterranean player by ferrying its vast copper resources to the Near East and Egypt, regions wealthy due to their own natural resources such as papyrus and wool. Phoenicia, famous for its seafaring expertise, hawked its valuable cedar wood and linens dyes all over the Mediterranean. China prospered by trading jade, spices and later, silk. Britain shared its abundance of tin.
In the early middle ages, as in other periods of history, trade was an important part of life. If a farmer had a surplus of livestock or produce, he would take it to the nearest market and exchange it for any one of the many things that would be needed around the farm: iron, salt, lead, hone and building stone, wine, fish, flax, antler, etc.. Common sense shows us that many commodities were unavailable on the 'average' estate, whether it was in Britain, Ireland or Scandinavia. Some of these things could only be found in a few areas. A class of professionals soon appeared who would carry these commodities from their place of origin to the markets - the merchants.
Some of the commodities traded in the early middle ages did not have to travel far, for example fish. Most had to make a longer journey, such as the iron mined in Kent and the Forest of Dean, the lead mined in Bristol, or the salt obtained from pans in Droitwich and Cheshire. More 'exotic' items came from overseas, including quern-stones from the Rhineland that have been found in York.
In addition to raw materials there were also finished goods, though these tended to be small items: for example jewellery, glassware, and weapons. These would end up in the homes of thegns and eorls who could afford them. We must also remember the smaller trade in finished goods such as pottery and woodcrafts. The commonest pottery in our period was produced in Stamford and Thetford.
Today we use money: gold, silver coins, and money is important. it is nearly next to imposible to survive wihought any money. you might become homeless and not be able to buy food, or provide hygene for yourself. i believe we sould go back to trading as then it would be easier to live. like a leaf could buy you a sweet (about 10p) and you could swap a pen for a book and so on. but if everyone can just pick leaves off the ground , then any one would be able to buy off all the shops supplies and moneymaking wouldn't be as fun. bussines and jobs could fall apart as anyone could survive on leaves or twigs, and humans would become lazy, making us turn into a disgrace of earth. so, we know that there are pros and cons of trading,. would do you think? should we go back to trading or not? and what pros and/or cons can you think of for coin payment or trading? please share you thoughts.