In the Burnet news club, we have been given some very interesting questions that i was intrigued about. Some of the questions I will be covering today will involve: Are criminals born or made? Is there victimless crimes? Why is knife crime increasing? And lastly, why would a young person decide to join a gang? These questions made me wonder if i could get the correct answer, so today i will be gathering some evidence to support my opinion.
Today, we will be discussing whether criminals are born or made?
Firstly, what is a criminal? There are many debates as to what a criminal is however the definition of a criminal is: someone who breaks the law by commiting illegal activity. (Crime such as murder, theft etc.)
To begin with, we shall be talking about if criminals are born or made. If criminals are born then that means that they were destined to become a criminal or showed signs of unusual behaviour and if they were made into criminals, that takes into account everything that made them that way, (For example, their parents or the people that may have had an impact in their life.) In order to become a criminal, some people may argue that someone or a handful of people may have to have some sort of authority on you, in order to change the way you think or act. A psychologist once stated that, if you have access to people who may endanger you or shape you in certain ways, then that can impact you the most. Some people believe that it is related to your genes and your family history, but in my opinion some people may be changed based on what they see or hear but some may have a mind of their own.
You can inherit inferior genes from your biological parents. Some people who believe in Charles Darwin's theory of evolution suggests that as we have evolved, we carry positive and negitives eugenics. These may have an impact as we get older, we are constantly creating who we are and what our personality is. We may carry these eugenics as we recieve impacts both socially and biologically. An article from the BBC news states that, ''-that part of the reason may be childhood abuse'' such as early abuse, ''which can create killers by damaging a physical part of the brain.'' This made me think, What if the people who influence them can cause permanent damage to their brain? If, for example, someone's parents were putting too much pressure on them and they took that throughout their life it may increase their chances of becoming something bad. (Or making bad choices?) At this moment, i am starting to question if this is actually true. Some people might be physically damaged so they try to make better choices so in some cases this may not actually be true. However, this is correct in some cases as i have seen multiple studies that relate to this topic. Therefore, in most cases this is true however some people may have completely different stories.
Next, we shall be discussing if it is in their nature to become criminals. I have researched if some people are born as criminals and most say it depends on the person. Now, if it depends on the person, how would you know if someone was a criminal? You would have to look at their family history to decide if someone may have the potential to become a criminal. This question is quite tricky to answer as you cannot be judgemental based on someone else's origin. This relates back to if their family's genes may have an impact on them. Critics argue that, people may just become criminals with no reason for doing so. So some may assume that they were naturally psychotic. There are many reasons, altogether, as to why a person may decide to pursue the lifestyle of a criminal but it is mainly undecided. Although, there is still biological components to consider, i personally would not know, just by looking at someone, whether they were going to become a criminal or not. In my opinion, it is one of those things that you cannot automatically make an assumption about.
There are, furthermore, many reasons to why a person becomes a criminal. Amongst other things, every person has their own mental health and some people even have illnesses- which i shall mention later in this text. Mental health is very important as to maintain a good mental health you need a mixture of being able to talk about your feelings and what you are thinking. A few people believe that if your mental health is bad, things may not turn out as good as you think.
Tim newburn has created a textbook, defining the factors of criminology. He suggests that there are many biological ways to study whether someone is naturally a criminal or is surrounded by a negitive enviroment and is shaped by what they see. One of the biologicial testings are to do with twins. The study suggests that the twins have the same genes (given by both parents) but are seperated into different lifestyles so they can test if it is their surroundings or something within the family. If it based on genetics, they both should have similar offending patterns but if it is inherented, it should be different. Another way to test biological patterns is adoption. Some people/children may become criminals earlier on if they do not have their biological parents. Each parent has their own way of teaching their children and this may impact some. The testing involves comparing someone's offending history who has been adopted compared with someone with biological parents.
A study has shown that parents with a criminal record who decide to adopt has a higher percentage than biological parents who have a criminal record. (Exact results: Adoptive parents-24.3% and biological parents- 14.7%.) Nevertheless, some people have bad habit which then may reflect on their children. Furthermore, others may have a illness such as brain dyfunction or ADHD which causes them to act in a certain way. ADHD, in particular, causes you to act relentlessly without considering the consequences. Now, this might impact sufferers by doing something that they cannot control. Children in specific may find it hard to concentrate or even process what is going on around them. This made me wonder, if they cannot help it, are the ones to blame? Overall, the problems that they go through eventually lead to aggression and violence. Problems to do with attention also came from low intelligence men and woman whose parents had a criminal record. Brain dyfunction is the case where the tissue in the brain is damaged due to some sort of physical or emotional activity. So, people do infact get impacted by their surroundings.
Now, this may sound like an unusual point but nutrition has been proved to be one of the many biological studies of criminology. Things such as low blood sugar and low values of vitamins have been correlated to behavioral problems. Lastly, the central nervous system has been connected to biological criminology and is another abnormality within the brain.
To conclude, all of these points connect toward whether criminals are born or made however most of it is due to biological components. I would like to thank everyone for reading this, and i would love to hear your viewpoints in the comments!
The websites i have used are https://www.medicaldaily.com/are-criminal-minds-born-or-made-bbc-documentary-explores-psychology-cold-blooded-324990, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-31714853, Criminology book by Tim Newburn and https://www.bartleby.com/essay/Are-Criminals-Born-or-Made-FK9724YTC.