More space travel means more challenges. But space agencies have proven themselves more than capable, developing knowledge and new technologies every step of the way. Past space exploration has given rise to a number of innovations that we take for granted today, including solar panels, implantable heart monitors, cancer therapy, and water-purification systems. More space exploration promises to bring new and serendipitous benefits to a variety of areas, such as power generation and energy storage, recycling and waste management, advanced robotics, health and medicine, transportation, computing, and engineering. It’s hard to predict exactly what new technology may arise, but if history is any indication it will be life altering for many of us.