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Will AI threaten future jobs?
The impact of artificial intelligence technology differs from one economy to another , that depending on numbers and statistics, we are facing an important revolution in job replacement.
Looking at the impact of this revolution on the future of jobs in general , there are two main differences . The technical team , with its pessimistic view of the future , considers that artificial intelligence and robots will take most of the jobs , which will increase the percentage of the unemployed who will be unemployable due to the distance of their experience and composition from the requirements of the changing job market . On the one hand, the fact that this wave will affect the jobs of office workers (doctors, engineers...) and not be limited to the jobs of workers (factory workers) as in previous waves.
An optimistic and dispassioned view of economists holds that the main goal of any technology is to increase productivity, which means an opportunity to expand, and thus create new jobs . Increased productivity also means higher wages and lower cost of goods , that is, greater purchasing power , and therefore new production cycles, and all with fewer working times, as the average workweek has fallen by 50 percent compared to the beginning of the 20th century, especially in developed economies.
History has shown that automation has had a positive effect in the long run . Only this time we are talking about a massive revolution . Machinery is as intelligent as humans can diagnose certain diseases, drive cars and even trade on the stock market . This is no longer just factory workers or low-level jobs, and we are talking about the millions of engineers, doctors , and financial service providers who represent most of today's college and college graduates.