WHAT CAUSES FOOD INSECURITY?
The reasons for hunger and food insecurity are many and vary from country to country, but generally, it is a result of conflict, poverty, economic shocks such as hyperinflation and rising commodity prices and environmental shocks such as flooding or drought. The conflict in Ukraine has sent global food prices skyrocketing. A third of the world’s wheat supplies come from Ukraine or Russia. Ukraine also supplies the world with sunflower oil, barley, maize, and fertilisers. But ongoing conflict means that fields won’t be prepared, crops won’t be planted and fertilisers won’t be available. COVID-19 also caused a sharp rise in poverty and inequality globally, as lockdowns devastated family livelihoods. In many countries, pandemic restrictions also meant disruption to food supplies.
According to the UN, 928 million people were severely food insecure already in 2020 – an increase of 148 million on the previous year.
SOME MAJOR REASONS OF THE FOOD INSECURITY ARE :
Conflict is the biggest cause of hunger globally, and is responsible for 65% of the people facing acute food insecurity. From Mali to Syria to Mozambique, protracted fighting destroys livelihoods and forces families to flee their homes, leaving countless children, including girls, facing hunger. It also makes it extremely difficult and dangerous for humanitarian organisations to reach communities in need.
CLIMATE CHANGE :
Climate change has contributed to food insecurity by changing weather patterns such as rainfall, increased climatic shocks such as hurricanes, cyclones, floods and droughts which all have an impact on harvests. Climate change has also increased the amount of crop pests such as locusts, which damage and destroy harvests.
ECONOMIC INSTABILITY :
Inflation and economic shocks has impacted the access to food for many people. Even if food is available, for many people it is too expensive to buy reducing people’s access to food. Linked to the Pandemic, many people have lost their livelihoods and income, again reducing families’ ability to purchase food.
THE EFFECTS OF THE FOOD INSECURITY
HOW WILL THE HUNGER CRISIS AFFECT WOMEN AND GIRLS?
according to the plan international,hunger affects girls, boys, women and men differently. When food is scarce, girls often eat less and eat last. Women and girls account for 70% of the world’s hungry. And as families and communities come under strain, girls are more likely than boys to be taken out of school, and will be at risk of child, early and forced marriage, gender-based violence, sexual exploitation and unwanted pregnancy. Adolescent girls in Burkina Faso, Mali and South Sudan have told us that they are more likely to be married at a young age if their families are struggling financially.
We cannot wait for this food crisis levels to increase, if you ask me children are already dying out of hunger many times a day so what can we do, we need to act now we cannot delay any longer.
Governments, donors and humanitarian actors must urgently contribute towards the USD $21.5 billion to those in need we have to rid the earth of famine and promote the resilience of 137 million people. If we do not do so that would likely result in widespread starvation as well as a complete collapse of agricultural livelihood strategies and assets.
WHAT ELSE CAN WE DO TO STOP THE GLOBAL FOOD INSECURITY?
WHO NEEDS TO DO MORE THE GOVERNMENT OR US THE POEPLE?