In this world there are so many people who are not able to have enough food to eat three times a day. Why there is a food crisis around the world? What are the causes of food crisis? What are the remedial measures to overcome food crisis? Let us see in detail.
Food Crisis: food crisis is a situation where there is a scarcity of food in proportion with the growing population of the world. Food Crisis occurs when rates of hunger and malnutrition rise sharply at local, national and global level. This issue become worse after COVID-19 pandemic as the gap between needs and funding has raised than ever before. There are many causes for food crisis. Some of them are:
Causes for food crisis:
1. War and Conflict: Conflict is the biggest cause of hunger accounting for nearly 60 percent of the world hunger. It is because conflict involves competition over control of the factors of production, namely land and water. It has a negative impact on these food systems. It reduces purchasing power of people to produce, trade and buy food. It also affects indirectly through its impact on health, energy and transport systems.
2. Poverty: Poverty and hunger go hand in hand. Families trapped in the cycle of poverty can't afford nutritious food leading to malnourishment. Malnourishment makes it difficult for people to earn money so that they can afford healthy food. Families living in poverty may also sell off their properties like livestock or tools to create income. But this is not going to give permanent relief from poverty.
3. Food Waste: In this world over 1 billion tonnes of food are wasted. It has a bad effect on the countries which are already affected by hunger, poverty and climate change. Wasted food contributes nearly 3 billion tonnes of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.
4. Poor Public Policy: Problems like poor infrastructure or low investment in agriculture, often preventing the food and water from reaching the common people who needs the most.
Some of the remedial measures to overcome food crisis are:
1. Reducing Food Waste: We can share food atleast to our nearby person to avoid wastage of food.
2. Public Policy: The government must initiate policies that stimulate new farmer development, regional market and better supply chain management and prioritising appropriate technology development at smaller scales at reasonable prices.
3. Creating Employment opportunities: The government must create employment opportunities so that they are able to eat three times a day and meet their basic needs, instead of laying hands and waiting for someone to help them.