Around the world, millions of people rely on foods imported (brought in) from other countries. Some countries do this to give people a better variety of foods – people enjoy tropical fruits from South America, spices from Asia and olive oil from Europe. But others do it because their country does not produce enough food for its people.
In 2022, 66 countries (home to 16% of the world’s population) can’t produce enough food to be self-sufficient because they don’t have enough land or enough water. However, experts predict that by 2050, over 50% of the world’s population might rely on imported foods to survive.
Importing food can be a good thing: it helps people try foods from around the world, can help countries make money and supports countries that can’t make enough food.
Importing food can also cause problems: transporting food around the world is bad for the climate, and if a country has problems, it can cause people relying on food from there to go hungry.
Over to you!
- What foods can be made in your country? What foods does your country import?
- Should there be rules about when countries can import or export food? Why or why not?
- How could people support their country to produce more of its own food?
Tell us your thoughts in the comments below. Don’t forget to let others know what you think by replying directly to their comment.